Fortnightly, 30 October 2019

Fortnightly, 30 October 2019

October 30, 2019


A Review of Middle East Regional Economic & Cultural News & Developments
30 October 2019
1 Cheshvan 5780
2 Rabi ul Awal 1441

Written & Edited by Seth J. Vogelman*



1.1 US Treasury Secretary Visits the Bank of Israel & Later Discusses Opening FDA Branch
1.2 Cyprus and Israel Support Joint Tourism Packages for Gastronomy and Golf


2.1 Zion Oil & Gas Prepares Largest Onshore 3-D Seismic Survey in Israel’s History
2.2 University of Tulsa & Team8 Establish Elite Cyber Fellows Program
2.3 Zoomd Adds McDonald’s as Part of Broader Business Expansion
2.4 OurCrowd & Toyota Tsusho Partnership to Support a New Wave of Tech Collaboration
2.5 Intel Selects 9 Israeli Startups for 1st Cycle of New Accelerator Program ‘Ignite’
2.6 Richard Branson Visits Israel as Virgin Atlantic Launches Tel Aviv-London Flights
2.7 Upstream Security Closes $30 Million Series B Investment from Investors
2.8 Insight Partners Opens its First International Office in Israel
2.9 Porsche Invests in Israeli Start-Up Tactile Mobility


3.1 Oasis Venture II Invests in Eight Early-Stage Startups
3.2 Mubadala Launches MENA Tech Investment Vehicles
3.3 Meddy Raises $2.5 Million in Series A Financing
3.4 Visa to Open Regional Headquarters in Dubai in 2021
3.5 Berlin’s e-scooter Company Circ Expands to Saudi Arabia after UAE Launch
3.6 Bayzat Raises $16 Million in Series B Funding
3.7 ZIWO Closes Series A Funding Led by Wamda Capital
3.8 Egypt’s Hive Raises $400,000 from a Customer Turned Investor
3.9 Egypt is the Second Most Active FinTech Startup Hub in MENA


4.1 Emek Hefer Builds Israel’s Largest Parking Lot Solar Array
4.2 JICCER – a New Joint Israel – Jordan Research Center
4.3 UAE’s Masdar Chosen to Develop 100 MW Uzbek Solar Plant
4.4 Egypt is Catching Rays in the Desert


5.1 Lebanon’s August Trade Deficit Reaches $11.37 Billion, Marking An Annual Drop of 3.1%
5.2 World Bank Describes Jordan ‘On Right Track’ Towards Economic Reform
5.3 EXIM Signs Memorandum of Understanding with Iraq

►►Arabian Gulf

5.4 World Bank Recognizes Bahrain Among the World’s Top-10 Most Improved Economies
5.5 Bahrain to Fast-Track Setup Process for Global Startups
5.6 Financing Reached for Giant $870 Million UAE Desalination Plant
5.7 Dubai’s Trade with Russia Grows by 25% to $2.5 Billion in 2018
5.8 Dubai Loosens Liquor Laws as UAE Alcohol Sales Suffer Drop
5.9 Oman to Introduce New Bankruptcy Regulations in 2020
5.10 Saudi Economy Set to Slow and See Minimal Growth in 2019

►►North Africa

5.11 Egypt’s Non-Petroleum Exports Increase by 3%
5.12 Over 20 Million Egyptian Women Benefit from Family Planning Methods
5.13 Moroccan Government Increases 2020 Education & Health Budget by MAD 13 Billion
5.14 Morocco’s National Defense Budget to Increase by 29%


6.1 IMF Lowers Forecast for Cypriot Economy Due to Global Slowdown
6.2 Cyprus Minister Warns Care Needed in Handling Toxic Loans and New Health System
6.3 Cyprus to Soon Make Income Tax Declarations Obligatory for All
6.4 Greek Unemployment Falls by 5% during September
6.5 ESM Approves Greece’s Request to Repay Large Part of IMF Loan



7.1 Eid Al Mawlid Marked by Moslems Worldwide


7.2 Lebanese Prime Minister Hariri Announces His Resignation
7.3 Abu Dhabi Launches World’s First University of Artificial Intelligence


8.1 Fidmi Medical Receives FDA Regulatory Clearance for Low-profile Enteral Feeding Device
8.2 AquaMaof Reveals Ground-Breaking Technology for Land-Based Shrimp Production
8.3 Anlit Delivers Probiotics by the Bite
8.4 Cannabics Clinical Data Results from Its Study on Controlled Release Capsules
8.5 Intelerad & Zebra Medical Vision Accelerate AI Adoption via Intelerad’s Odyssey Workflow
8.6 Perflow Medical Receives CE Mark Approval of Novel Cascade Agile
8.7 Thai Union Group Invests in Alternative Protein Startup Flying SpArk
8.8 Orasis’ CSF-1 Eye Drop Meets Primary Endpoint in Presbyopia Study
8.9 Raises $50 Million Series B Round for AI Powered Synchronized Stroke Care
8.10 Teva Settles Track 1 Opioid Cases and Reaches Agreement on Settlement Framework
8.11 Biomica & Weizmann Develop a Treatment Against Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria
8.12 MedHub’s AI-Powered Solutions are Disrupting Cardiology
8.13 Pepticom Raises $5 Million in Series A Funding
8.14 Biogal-Galed Labs Launches RoboComb, an Automated Kit Reading Device
8.15 Laminate Medical Receives Investment from Valiance
8.16 BASF and NRGene Collaborate to Accelerate Crop Breeding


9.1 ASOCS Launches CYRUS 2.0, an All-software 4G & 5G Virtual RAN Solution
9.2 Sonarax and GEM Bring Ultrasonic Tech-Powered Wayfinding to Museums
9.3 Odo Security Named Top Hot Startup Winner in 2019 NetEvents Awards
9.4 Personetics’ AI-powered Engagement Platform for SMBs Adopted by Leading Banks
9.5 Wes-Tex Chooses ECI and Edge Team to Upgrade Network Capabilities
9.6 Foretellix Announces 200th Download of Its Open Scenario Description Language
9.7 OriginGPS Unveils Dual Frequency GNSS Module with Broadcom’s L1+L5 Chip
9.8 IoT Devices Can Now be Activated by Voice Commands – Even When Offline
9.9 Polte and Altair Semiconductor Embed Location Services on Cellular IoT Chipset
9.10 Newsight Imaging Launches the NSI1000 Sensor for Automotive Vision Applications
9.11 Secret Double Octopus Brings FIDO2 Passwordless Security to the Enterprise


10.1 Israel’s CPI Fell by 0.2% in September
10.2 More Homes Being Built In Tel Aviv Than Any Other City in Israel
10.3 Israel Leads WEF Report in Entrepreneurship and Macroeconomic Stability


11.1 ISRAEL: Summary of Israeli High-Tech Company Capital Raising in 2019’s Third Quarter
11.2 LEBANON: IMF Executive Board Concludes 2019 Article IV Consultation with Lebanon
11.3 LEBANON: The Mass Demonstrations in Lebanon – What Do They Portend?
11.4 UAE: Putin’s Visit Draws the UAE & Russia Closer
11.5 OMAN: Oman Ratings Affirmed At ‘BB/B’; Outlook Negative
11.6 SAUDI ARABIA: Expectation Gap Clouds Saudi Arabia’s Investment Climate
11.7 TURKEY: Turkey-China Economic Cooperation on the Rise
11.8 GREECE: Greece Upgraded to ‘BB-‘ on Receding Budgetary Risks & Lifting of Capital Controls


1.1  US Treasury Secretary Visits the Bank of Israel & Later Discusses Opening FDA Branch

On 28 October, the US Treasury Secretary Steven T. Mnuchin visited the Bank of Israel, where he met with Bank of Israel Governor Prof. Amir Yaron and other senior Bank officials. The visit began with a meeting between Secretary Mnuchin and the Governor. A broader-forum discussion was then held, during which a number of economic issues were discussed, including the macroeconomic situation in Israel and Israel’s economic relations with the United States, Banking regulation and anti-money laundering, as well as developments in the world of fintech and digital banking.

On 29 October, Secretary Mnuchin met with Israeli health officials to discuss the opening of a local branch of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The meeting was held at the house of U.S. Ambassador to Israel Friedman and was attended by senior executives from Israeli health maintenance organization Clalit and Sheba Medical Center. The FDA has very few branches outside of the U.S., and those are located in large countries like China, India, and several European and Latin American countries.

Though Israel could be considered too small to meet the FDA criteria for a local branch, the matter is being considered due to the country’s unusually large concentration of biotech and medical technology companies. While it will not replace the need to apply for FDA clearance in the U.S., it could shorten the application process for Israeli companies. Estimates are that such a branch could be established in Israel in the near future. (Various 28.10)

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1.2  Cyprus and Israel Support Joint Tourism Packages for Gastronomy and Golf

Cyprus and Israel reached an agreement to promote joint travel packages for tourists in the US, Russia and Germany from 2020, focusing on golf, gastronomy and wellness holidays. A delegation headed by Cypriot Tourism Minister Perdios and an Israeli team headed by Israel’s Tourism Ministry Director-General Halevi reached an agreement regarding ways and actions that must to successfully promote joint packages, planned to begin next year. The packages will be promoted to the US, Russia and Germany, in the first stage, while other countries will follow. During the meeting, the two sides reconfirmed that gastronomy was “very important” for both countries and would be the pillar of a joint thematic route, with a single excursion package that will attract visitors to both Israel and Cyprus. Moreover, the two delegations discussed a second joint package that would give visitors the ability to visit Cyprus for golf tourism and Israel for health and wellness tourism. They also decided to participate in cruise tourism exhibitions with joint pavilions. (Various 29.10)

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2.1  Zion Oil & Gas Prepares Largest Onshore 3-D Seismic Survey in Israel’s History

Zion Oil & Gas announced the completion of data acquisition for its Megiddo-Jezreel 3-D seismic program. The crew has successfully completed the recording of the Megiddo-Jezreel 3-D seismic program, and their contractor logged over 19,000 man hours incident-free along with zero environmental damage. Not only is this the largest 3-D survey in Israel’s history, but the data acquisition was completed within a time frame not thought possible due to the determination of the team. Zion’s seismic acquisition covered over 72-square kilometers within its Megiddo-Jezreel license. Zion sent the data for processing to Agile Seismic, located in Houston, Texas.

Zion Oil & Gas, a public company traded on NASDAQ, explores for oil and gas onshore in Israel on their 99,000-acre Megiddo-Jezreel license area. (Zion Oil & Gas 16.10)

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2.2  University of Tulsa & Team8 Establish Elite Cyber Fellows Program

The University of Tulsa (TU), a leader in cyber education and research, together with Team8, announced a first-of-its-kind fellowship program to create experts in cyber R&D, establishing the foundation for a new wave of highly skilled talent. The joint program will provide a new route for Team8 and TU to identify and develop breakthrough technology innovation. The TU-Team8 Cyber Fellows program is designed for students seeking to advance cyber R&D across security, big data and artificial intelligence, creating new methods and commercially viable solutions that enable a secure and productive all-digital future. Enrolling 10 students per year, the highly competitive four-year doctoral program will bring together TU’s College of Engineering & Natural Sciences and Team8’s ecosystem and experience to identify and explore key industry challenges in real-world situations.

TU’s partnership with Team8 draws on its unique company-building model that brings technologies across cyber, data science and artificial intelligence to market. The proven model involves identifying, training and recruiting world-class R&D talent, an in-depth understanding of the attacker perspective and an intimate network of world-leading corporate decision-makers. Team8 will place a full-time research director at TU to spur the commercialization of new projects.

A limited number of fellows will be selected. Successful fellowships will culminate in an advanced degree bestowed by The University of Tulsa. The full scholarship covers all tuition, an annual living stipend/salary and the benefits provided to university graduate student employees. Fellows who remain in Tulsa for at least two years after graduation will be eligible for a $20,000 bonus.

The competitive fellowship is expected to draw some of the brightest minds in cybersecurity to Tulsa, with incentives to stay in the area after completing the program and bolster the city’s burgeoning cyber industry. The City of Tulsa is working to create a technology-rich opportunity zone that links downtown to the university. The fellowship is sponsored by the George Kaiser Family Foundation, a Tulsa-based charitable organization that has long supported educational opportunities, social services and civic enhancements – among other worthy projects. Graduates with a bachelor’s or master’s degree in science and a strong passion and acumen in a cyber-related area should submit an application to TU’s graduate program here.

Tel Aviv’s Team8 is a cybersecurity “foundry” focused on launching companies that solve the hardest problems in cybersecurity today. The Team8 platform accelerates success by leveraging its robust network to form business relations with customers and partners as well as leveraging its unique access to talent to help recruit the best minds for its companies. Team8 was founded by leading cybersecurity experts, all with deep ties to Israel’s famous Unit 8200. (TU 23.10)

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2.3 Zoomd Adds McDonald’s as Part of Broader Business Expansion

Zoomd announced broader business expansion plans for Q4/19. Zoomd will serve companies in a variety of industries, including the fast-food giant McDonald’s, Ladbrokes, Bet America, Nord VPN, AutoDoc and VuClip. Zoomd will collaborate with these companies on user acquisition projects as part of its continued international expansion efforts. Zoomd’s new portfolio promotes the company’s global stance, as it will be working with McDonald’s in Latin America; online gaming companies Ladbrokes and Bet America in Australia and the US respectively; NordVPN, which specializes in global VPN services all over the world; AutoDoc, an ecommerce website dealing with car accessory sales, in the EU; and VuClip, also known as “India’s Netflix”, in Asia and the Middle East. Zoomd offers one solution to both online publishers looking to extend average session duration and monetize content through internal site searches, and advertisers looking to acquire and expand new and existing users, while increasing engagement and conversions.

Herzliya’s Zoomd monetizes on-site search and distribution of mobile apps. Zoomd publisher’s focuses on leveraging on-site search data to increase online advertising and monetization results. Zoomd Advertiser’s business has a specific focus on mobile apps’ user acquisition. Zoomd has built a key performance indicator-based algorithm that enables intelligent media buying for online advertising that improves the accuracy of consumer targeting. (Zoomd 18.10)

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2.4  OurCrowd & Toyota Tsusho Partnership to Support a New Wave of Tech Collaboration

OurCrowd and the Toyota Tsusho Corporation, one of Japan’s general trading companies and a member of the Toyota Group, announced a new business and technology scouting partnership. OurCrowd will act as a technology scout and source innovation and investments in both Israel and worldwide. The partnership combines the strength of OurCrowd’s Israeli and global network, robust deal flow pipeline and growing portfolio of 200 promising startups along with the broad reach and core values of Toyota Tsusho to seek innovative products and services in their key business sectors of mobility, resources & environment, life and community.

The focus of the scouting agreement will be to seek out next generation startup leaders in the areas of autonomous driving with a focus on sensors, image recognition, data compression, and security. Moreover the partnership will seek out disruptive technologies in a diverse group of other sectors such as smart cities, medical technology, including cancer examination, digital health, environmental technologies and big data in agriculture.

Jerusalem’s OurCrowd is a unique innovation and investment platform that connects investors and startups around the world, and has already raised over $1.28B in funding commitments and has made investments in 200 diversified companies and funds. OurCrowd will help funnel Israeli and other technology startups that support the Toyota Tsusho Corporation’s core values to leverage the collective force and innovative spirit in order to further penetrate global markets in Mobility, Resources & Environment, and Life & Community. (OurCrowd 23.10)

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2.5  Intel Selects 9 Israeli Startups for 1st Cycle of New Accelerator Program ‘Ignite’

On 22 October, Intel launched of its new accelerator program in Israel for early-stage startups, announcing the nine data-centric companies that will be participating in the 16-week initiative. The program, called Ignite, was announced in June. It aims to leverage Intel’s global market access, business, and technology leadership to provide early-stage startups [with a] unique advantage on their path to disrupt the future,” the tech giant said at the time. Intel said that the nine startups were selected out of 160 companies that applied to participate, followed by a round of 15 finalists. The winners were selected “based on their entrepreneurial spirit and groundbreaking ideas in technology. The winners are:

  • Cloudwize –enables organizations to maximize the value of their cloud architecture.
  • Addionics –accelerates smart electrification by redesigning battery architecture.
  • GleanLabs –offers an automatic employee competency mapping and management platform for large R&D organizations.
  • Deci AI –provides acceleration of deep learning models, substantially reducing latency and cost-to-serve.
  • Hi Auto –helps OEMs reinvent how customers spend their time in the car by offering a white label voice platform that converses naturally with customers and works under any noise conditions.
  • Granulate –developed software to reduce compute costs by up to 60% while maximizing performance.
  • Mine –developed a platform to empower individuals and businesses to discover their digital footprint in order to reduce redundant risk.
  • HourOne –developed a synthetic video creation platform powered by artificial intelligence.
  • NOVOS –developed a training platform for gamers who want to improve their skills.

As part of the program, Ignite will provide the startups with mentorship, knowledge, resources, and opportunities to connect with prominent investors in Israel and abroad. The program has recruited leading mentors in various fields to deliver workshops and training focused on technology and entrepreneurship. The participating companies will also receive financial advice from Deloitte, legal guidance from Pearl Cohen and IT services from Intel. Intel will take no equity from the startups but the program will demand their time and energy. (NC 22.10)

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2.6  Richard Branson Visits Israel as Virgin Atlantic Launches Tel Aviv-London Flights

Sir Richard Branson, the co-founder of multinational venture capital conglomerate the Virgin Group, arrived in Israel on 23 October after Virgin Atlantic launched its London-Tel Aviv route. Virgin Holidays, another group subsidiary, simultaneously announced the launch of package vacations to Israel in 2020. Branson also spoke at a conference hosted by financial daily Calcalist in Tel Aviv. (Various 24.10)

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2.7  Upstream Security Closes $30 Million Series B Investment from Investors

Upstream Security announced that a prominent syndicate of investors, including some of the world’s largest OEM automotive vehicle manufacturers, insurance and fleet operators, invested $30 million in a Series B funding round, bringing the company’s total investment to date to $41 million. The round was led by Renault Venture Capital and included Volvo Group Venture Capital, Hyundai, Hyundai AutoEver, Nationwide Ventures and others. Original Upstream investors Charles River Ventures, Glilot Capital and Maniv Mobility all participated in the round.

The inherent risks in connected cars were in the headlines multiple times over the past 18 months culminating with consumer groups identifying connected vehicles as a potential national security threat. Earlier this year a report published by Upstream Security outlining the automotive threat landscape spanning the past decade, demonstrated that multiple stakeholders ranging from OEM vehicle manufacturers to commercial and public sector fleets have been targeted. In many cases attacks were executed indirectly via connected services and applications and from long distance.

Establishing a security framework for connected cars entails a multi-layer approach that secures both the vehicles as well as the infrastructure connecting them. With prolonged time-to-market and limited coverage of in-vehicle security solutions, the Upstream C4 platform solves this fundamental problem by enabling OEM car manufacturers and fleets to detect, monitor and respond to attacks targeting any part of the connected vehicle framework – even for vehicles already on the road.

Herzliya’s Upstream Security is the first cybersecurity solution designed specifically for protecting connected vehicles from cyber-threats or misuse at rest and in motion. Protecting connected cars is a complex problem involving multiple layers (driver, telematics, mobile application, vehicles, and fleets), mountains of data flowing at high speed and a specialized and discrete understanding of smart mobility business and usage type. Upstream’s platform is entirely cloud-based and seamlessly ingests and normalizes automotive data to deliver cybersecurity insights that ensure vehicle security and safety is never compromised. (Upstream Security 21.10)

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2.8 Insight Partners Opens its First International Office in Israel

New York’s Insight Partners, a leading global venture capital and private equity firm, announced the opening of its first international office in Tel Aviv, home to one of the highest concentrations of high-tech companies in the world. Insight Partners aims to make easier for Israel’s leaders and entrepreneurs to access their leading software scale-up insights and operational expertise.

With more $700M invested and more than 15 active investments in some of Israel’s top companies, including application security solution Checkmarx, award winning app developer Lightricks, management software leader and digital adoption platform WalkMe, Insight Partners has a long history of investment in the region. The firm is a proven scale-up partner, working alongside investment companies to achieve more than 40 IPOs to date, including an investment in Israeli success story Wix after leading their Series D in 2011, and supporting them through to IPO. (Insight Partners 28.10)

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2.9  Porsche Invests in Israeli Start-Up Tactile Mobility

Porsche is intensifying its collaboration with Israeli technology company Tactile Mobility with a minority investment. The company is one of the leaders in the field of “tactile data” and is based in Haifa. In addition to Porsche, Union Tech Ventures and existing investors are participating in the current investment round. Tactile Mobility plans to use the funds primarily to strengthen its development as well as sales activities and promote the collaboration with other automotive manufacturers, mobility service providers as well as municipalities and road authorities in the US, Europe and Asia.

So-called tactile data simulates a sense of touch. In this process, an algorithm processes data that is provided by different physical sensors which are already available. Tactile Mobility’s method helps collect additional information about the condition of vehicles and roads that goes beyond the information that can be obtained with conventional sensor systems. Porsche has planned an integration into a series of production cars for the beginning of the next decade. Among other use cases, tactile data can further improve the assessment of the friction coefficient between tires and the road surface while a vehicle is moving. Additional potential for the use of the technology also lies in applications for the predictive servicing and optimization of the battery management.

In a next development stage, Tactile Mobility’s software can provide data on the vehicle’s condition itself, for example engine and brake efficiency as well as fuel consumption. Consequently, it is possible to draw conclusions on different vehicle components’ state of wear. In this process, the potential applications of tactile data and sensing go beyond individual vehicles as information is analyzed in a backend system. Based on this information, the software is able to determine road conditions and quickly identify a change in road surface conditions in order to prepare additional vehicles in the fleet network for such changes, for instance in the event of a slippery road surface. (Tactile Mobility 29.10)

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3.1  Oasis Venture II Invests in Eight Early-Stage Startups

The Oasis Venture II fund, launched by Jordan’s Oasis 500, the Arab world’s first startup accelerator and investment fund manager, has announced the names of the eight early-stage startups that have qualified for investments of up to $100,000 per company. All applications to the fund had undergone a rigorous selection process, during which 1,033 applications were examined and due diligence measures were conducted on 45 potential investments. In the final stage of the qualification process, 16 candidates pitched their startups to an independent investment committee made up of five experts in a variety of financial, commercial and technical fields, who selected the eight companies eligible for funding under the first investment cohort of the “Oasis Ventures II” fund.

The startups that received the investments are: Controlcast, an innovative mobile app and online platform that lets businesses advertise on digital out-of-home screens instantly; Decapolis, a food supply chain quality assurance and safety certification platform utilizing blockchain technology; FittiCoin, a health focused mobile application incentivizing users through points and rewards to get active and adopt a healthier lifestyle; GhoorCom, an online marketplace that aims to empower farmers and wholesalers by marketing their products and linking them to retail stores, as well as providing payment and logistics solutions; Harreef develops AI-enabled chatbots and conversational solutions for hotels to provide seamless experiences to staying and prospective guests as well as a platform to streamline various hotel operations; MeemApps, a comprehensive business platform that provides business-related services, resources and business terminology in Arabic; OrderEra, a B2B online platform which connects distributors of fast moving consumer goods and points of sales in one place, and TapShare, is an interactive social network that gives users access to advanced tools to edit and share content in a professional and engaging way.

Amman’s Oasis 500 launched the Oasis Venture II fund in July 2019 with the support and funding from the King Abdullah II Fund for Development, the Innovative Startups and SMEs Fund, and Arab Bank. The fund aims to invest semi-annually in early-stage startups. (Oasis 500 23.10)

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3.2  Mubadala Launches MENA Tech Investment Vehicles

Mubadala Capital announced the launch of its first MENA-focused tech investment funds. With a total of $250 million, the Mubadala MENA tech funds will capitalize on the growing startup scene in the region while empowering tech talent in the Emirates and across the wider region. The funds will include a $150 million (AED550 million) “fund of funds” program, which will invest in funds that are committed to supporting the Abu Dhabi-based Hub71 ecosystem, including through investing in companies that leverage Hub71 for regional expansion and growth.

As part of this program, Mubadala also announced that it will commit to three funds as a part of its first funds cohort – San Francisco-based Data Collective Venture Capital, DCVC, Middle East Ventures Partners, MEVP, and Global Ventures. The investment program will also include a further $100 million fund dedicated for direct investments in early-stage technology companies led by exceptional founders that are committed to being part of the Hub71 ecosystem. The fund will invest in founder-led companies, targeting either enterprise or consumer sectors and have established clear product/market fit. It aims to invest in a portfolio of 15 companies.

The first investment, from the direct fund, is in Bayzat, a Dubai-based startup that is focused on delivering an exceptional employee experience that’s accessible to every small and medium-sized enterprise through a free cloud-based platform. This helps companies automate HR administration, payroll processing and health insurance. (Mubadala 21.10)

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3.3  Meddy Raises $2.5 Million in Series A Financing

Meddy, a doctor booking platform, has raised a $2.5 million in a Series A financing round to scale up its operations in the UAE. This consumer-facing platform helps patients find the best doctors and book appointments with them. It allows them to find doctors best suited to their needs based on a wide array of filters and patient reviews. Meddy also provides a suite of products to clinics and their marketing teams to manage bookings, patient reviews, and analytics. It helps clinics improve their online presence and attract new patients. Meddy has drastically increased profitability for practicing providers in Qatar and the UAE by attracting new patients towards them.

Founded in 2016, Meddy became the largest doctor booking platform in Qatar. In 2018 it expanded to Dubai and Sharjah. Meddy will be expanding to Abu Dhabi and other emirates soon. The Series A funding round was led by NYC based Modus Capital, along with participation from 212 Capital, QSTP, Kasamar Holdings, Dharmendra Ghai (Health Tech Angel), Innoway and others. Meddy has already on-boarded major healthcare providers such as NMC, Zulekha Hospital, American Hospital, Al Zahra Hospital, etc. to provide patients the widest range of doctors to choose from. (Meddy 27.10)

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3.4  Visa to Open Regional Headquarters in Dubai in 2021

Foster City, California’s Visa, the global digital payments firm, has appointed international property developer Sweid & Sweid to build its new Dubai headquarters. The building, meant to cater to operations in the company’s Central and Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa (CEMEA) region will increase capacity to over 500 employees. The HQ project is on track for completion in June 2021.

The new Visa headquarters will be built in Dubai Internet and Media City and will feature an Innovation Hub, collaborative office spaces, outdoor terraces and integrated lobby areas that will transform the way people work and interact with the fintech company. (Visa 21.10)

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3.5  Berlin’s e-scooter Company Circ Expands to Saudi Arabia after UAE Launch

The Arabian Gulf’s first regulator-approved e-scooter operator, Circ, has announced its expansion to Saudi Arabia, with further plans to drive the micro-mobility revolution across the GCC in the coming months. Circ’s entry to the Saudi Kingdom will be via the provision of its purpose-built, fully electric scooters across the Digital City in Riyadh, through a partnership with Raza, the real estate management arm of the Saudi Public Pension Agency (PPA) and a subsidiary of Al Ra’idah Investment Company (RIC). Circ will also implement the e-scooter program within other Raza managed communities, such as the Diplomatic Quarter, Jeddah Obhur Project and residential compounds.

Circ debuted in the Middle East with the launch of its e-scooters in Abu Dhabi. In its first four months of UAE operations, Circ has entered partnerships with three Abu Dhabi community and real estate management companies, and is currently available in 12 locations across the capital city. A Circ app includes safety instructions, navigational tips, guidelines, online and safe payment options and tutorials. All Circ rides include comprehensive insurance for personal accident, third-party liability and product liability coverage. (AB 23.10)

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3.6  Bayzat Raises $16 Million in Series B Funding

Bayzat has raised $16 million in Series B funding. The funding round was led by Point72 Ventures and is Mubadala Capitals’ first investment in a UAE-based startup. Other participants in the funding round include Elm, Greyhound Capital, Endeavor Catalyst and Tech Invest Com. Earlier this year, the company launched its own fintech products including EarlyPay on its platform to give employees unique benefits that may not be otherwise accessible to them given the size of their companies. Since the start of 2019, Bayzat’s new monthly bookings have increased tenfold and this new funding will enable exponential growth in 2020. The company has now raised a total of $31 million and plan to use the recent proceeds to invest in its technology and customer experience.

Founded in 2013, Dubai’s Bayzat’s mission is to make world-class employee experiences accessible to every small- and medium-sized enterprise (SME). At its core, Bayzat is a free online platform designed to help companies manage and automate HR administration, payroll and health insurance, significantly streamlining processes for HR and finance teams. (Bayzat 21.10)

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3.7  ZIWO Closes Series A Funding Led by Wamda Capital

Dubai based ZIWO, the API based Cloud Contact Center Software CCAAS, announced the closing series A round of financing led by veteran growth equity investor Wamda Capital, with additional participation from DTEC VENTURES and other investors. The financing will be used to consolidate the technology and to further expand in the Arabian Gulf countries, India, Africa and some selected European markets.

Launched in October 2016 in Dubai, ZIWO is rapidly expanding its client base, mostly in Retail, Financial, Real estate and B2C services. Most companies in the Middle East have an international scope and the cloud provides the flexibility to locate teams anywhere that is convenient to them. ZIWO truly enables companies to deploy instantly and globally their customer care and sales teams. With its local telecom partners, ZIWO also provides virtual access points in any country in the world, allowing companies to reach instantly new markets.

Ziwo is a cloud based contact center software developed by Aswat Telecom, a company based in the Middle East, operated by a multicultural team, offering an efficient and reliable contact center solution since 2010, with a numerous local and international clientele. Hosted in world class data centers around the world, each Ziwo instance provides a flexible solution to boost performance of customer services, sales team and more. Packing powerful API functions, Ziwo is highly customizable, can be used in conjunction with any CRM or in-house system and provides the simplest way to hire agents worldwide and assume total control over contact center operations through a unified interface. (ZIWO 17.10)

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3.8  Egypt’s Hive Raises $400,000 from a Customer Turned Investor

Egypt’s Hive (safe kids’ ride-hailing subscription service) has raised investment from a loyal customer. Hive’s main focal point has been to improve the degree of customer satisfaction and be consumer-driven more than anything which has led to having one of their customers who is deeply satisfied with their service invest in it. While many services like Swvl, Uber and Careem are short on youngsters’ services, Hive is the only existing transportation service for kids.

Founded last year, Hive has completed over 6,000 trips in the last season to 14 different national and international schools. Sometimes, parents just stop signing their kids up for activities they want to do because they couldn’t figure out a way to get them there, an issue Egyptian parents face which affects the lifestyle of every child. Hive is willing to solve that in the near future! Hive is the ultimate reliable solution for the three segments: Captains, parents, and kids. This ride-hailing service for kids unlocks opportunities for drivers, letting them work as captains for fewer hours with a monthly fixed income. Also, leaving parents with more time without being obligated to leave work early to get their kids back from school or deal with the daily morning rush. Finally, for kids; they are able to focus more and spend less time in traffic, and using a premium-quality safe transportation service would highly serve their needs and take them everywhere totally safe and sound. (Hive 22.10)

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3.9  Egypt is the Second Most Active FinTech Startup Hub in MENA

Egypt is the second most active FinTech startup hub in MENA, but still receives little funding: Egypt’s share of 51 disclosed fintech startup funding agreements closed in the MENA region in the first nine months of the year grew to 27%, or about 13 agreements, from only 13% in the entire 2018, the latest MENA FinTech Venture Report by Magnitt shows. Despite this lively fintech scene, the value of funding received by Egyptian startups accounted for a disproportionate 7% of the MENA total for the segment. Egypt trailed behind both Bahrain and Lebanon, which accounted for 9% fundraising on a lower volume of transactions.

The report suggests this discrepancy may be explained by differences in government involvement. The Central Bank of Egypt newly-launched EGP 1b ($57m) fund was dwarfed by three Emirati government-sponsored funds whose combined value is $1.2b. The CBE’s fund, a two-year program for fintech startups in partnership with the IIF, is also smaller than Bahrain’s $100m Al Waha Fund of Funds.

Regionally, funding to fintech entrepreneurs fell 30% y-o-y to $26m during 9M/19 despite the highest number of transactions than in any previous 12-month period — largely because investors are getting out and raising funds at an earlier stage. Some 89% of the investments recorded in the first nine months of this year were made in early-stage startups, compared to 86% in the 12 months of 2018 and 62% in 2017. The UAE led in both volume and value, maintaining a leading position in at 47% and 69%, respectively. (Enterprise 24.10)

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4.1  Emek Hefer Builds Israel’s Largest Parking Lot Solar Array

Work is now being completed on building the largest solar array on a parking lot in Israel and connecting it to the electric grid. The parking lot, located in the Emek Hefer industrial park, has an installed capacity of 130 kilowatts. The covered parking lot has 50 parking spaces for private vehicles. The parking lot, whose roof consists of solar panels, is open to public use and will be connected to the grid in the coming days.

The solar facility of the roof of the parking lot will generate 250,000 kilowatt hours a year, thereby saving greenhouse gas emissions on a large scale. Charging stations for electric cars have also been installed in the parking lot. Although combating the climate crisis requires a transition to renewable energy, as of now, only 4% of roofs in Israel have solar panels. The Public Utilities Authority (Electricity) has set a target of only 10% of roofs with solar panels by 2020.

The investment in the panels is designed to pay for itself over the coming decade, and then generate a NIS 100,000 annual profit. Additional money from the parking lot will come from stations in the parking lot for charging electric vehicles. In addition to the new parking lot, another parking lot twice the size is being built. (Globes 28.10)

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4.2  JICCER – a New Joint Israel – Jordan Research Center

Kibbutz Ketura’s Arava Institute for Environmental Studies announced the founding of a new research center in cooperation with the Dead Sea and Arava Science Center and i.GREENs. The Jordan-Israel Center for Community, Environment & Research (JICCER – Arabic for bridge) will support the well-being of the natural and human systems of the Arava valley through cross-border community initiatives and research. The center aims to “reopen the bridges” between the southern Jordanian and Israeli communities through research, capacity building and policy engagement for regional environmental and sustainable development.

JICCER’s activities include cross-border projects in the fields of ecotourism, environmental education, women’s cooperatives and empowerment, agriculture and land-use management, and community-based environmental systems and technologies. The center is also taking on an active role in the Institute’s ongoing cooperation with the Israeli Foreign Ministry’s MASHAV international training programs, and the Track II Environmental Forum. (Arava Institute 24.10)

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4.3  UAE’s Masdar Chosen to Develop 100 MW Uzbek Solar Plant

UAE-based Masdar, a subsidiary of Mubadala Investment Company, announced that it has been chosen to develop Uzbekistan’s first public-private partnership (PPP) solar project. Announced by the Ministry of Investments and Foreign Trade of Uzbekistan, Masdar tendered the lowest rate in the program’s competitive auction to develop the 100MW solar plant, which will be located in the Navoi region. Financial close is expected to be completed by the end of Q1/20, while construction of the solar plant is estimated to take 12 months. The project supports Uzbekistan’s ambitious plan to develop 5GW of renewable energy by 2030 to diversify the country’s energy mix.

In March, Masdar and the Government of Uzbekistan agreed to pursue renewable energy projects together as part of a wider collaboration between the government of Uzbekistan and Mubadala Investment Company across three key strategic energy sectors. (AB 22.10)

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4.4  Egypt is Catching Rays in the Desert

Egypt has plenty of oil and gas supplies underground. It also has an abundance of clear skies and sunlight. In 2019, the nation harnessed some of that energy with one of the largest solar energy installations in the world. In Aswan province, about 650 kilometers south of Cairo, the $4 billion Benban Solar Park has sprung up from the desert. When finished, it will cover about 37 sq. km. with more than 7 million photovoltaic solar panels. It is Egypt’s first utility-scale solar power facility, and it is projected to have the capacity to produce 1.8 gigawatts of electricity.

The drive for solar and other renewable power sources is more than a clean energy movement for Egypt. Five years ago, the nation’s peak electricity demand was 28 GW, while its production was just 24 GW. Blackouts were common. With a growing population and economy, Egypt projects that it will need to double its electric power capacity, which it is doing through a blend of solar, hydroelectric, and natural gas plants.

At the start of 2018, Egypt drew about 90% of its electricity from oil and natural gas. By the end of 2022, the nation hopes to raise renewable energy sources to 20% of domestic production. They intend to get to 42% by 2035.

The Benban Solar Park was developed through an interesting model. The area was divided up into 41 plots of varying sizes, and plots were assigned to roughly 30 developers who have been installing solar panels, transformers, and other hardware on their parcels. They will produce and sell energy back to the national utility. Roads and infrastructure – including connections to the power grid – were built by the state-owned Egyptian Electricity Holding Company, and many projects had funding from international power companies, the International Finance Corporation, and the World Bank.

Solar power in the desert brings some challenges. According to IEEE Spectrum, extremely high temperatures can sometimes damage inverters, which convert the DC power made by the photovoltaics into the AC power needed for the grid. Dust and sandstorms also can reduce the sun-collecting capacity of the panels, so specially-designed tractors will brush off the surfaces a few times a month. (NASA 23.10)

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5.1  Lebanon’s August Trade Deficit Reaches $11.37 Billion, Marking an Annual Drop of 3.1%

Lebanon’s trade deficit widened in the first 8 months of the year to reach $11.37B, down by 3.10% compared to the same period in 2018. The total value of imports gained an annual 0.88% to stand at $13.84B. Also, the value of exports rose by 24.36 %to stand at $2.47B by September 2019. Worth noting that Mineral products and Vegetable products are the only 2 categories to witness an increase in its imported value. As for September alone, the total deficit amounted to $1.43B which is 29.05% lower when compared to the same month last year.

In term of value, mineral products were the leading imports to Lebanon by August 2019, grasping a 34.20% stake of total imported goods. Products of the chemical or allied industries followed, constituting 10.15% of the total, while machinery and electrical instruments grasped 8.84% of the total. Lebanon imported $4.73B worth of Mineral Products, compared to a value of 2.92B in the same period last year. The net weight of imported mineral fuels, oils and their products is still increasing since the start of the year and witnessed a yearly rise from 4,530,425 tons by August 2018 to reach 8,449,359 tons by August 2019. Meanwhile, the value of chemical or allied industries recorded a decrease of 6.23% y-o-y to settle at $1.40B and that of machinery and electrical instruments also declined by 24.88% over the same period to $1.22B.

In terms of top trade partners, Lebanon primarily imported from US, China and Russia with shares of 9.01%, 8.53% and 7.91%, respectively, by August 2019. As for exports, the top category of products exported from Lebanon were pearls, precious stones and metals, which grasped a share of 37.32% of total exports, followed by a share of 10.40% for products of the chemical or allied industries and 10.09% for prepared foodstuffs, beverage and tobacco over the same period. The value of pearls, precious stones, & metals surged from 468.49M by August 2018 to reach $921.78M by August 2019. Products of the chemical or allied industries recorded an increase of 10.95% year-on-year to $256.97M. Meanwhile, the value of prepared foodstuffs; beverages, tobacco, it declined by 7.77% y-o-y to $249.25M. In the first 8 months of 2019, Switzerland followed by the UAE and Saudi Arabia were Lebanon’s top three export destinations, respectively constituting 22.55%, 12.21%, and 6.64% of total exports. (BLOM 17.10)

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5.2  World Bank Describes Jordan ‘On Right Track’ Towards Economic Reform

The World Bank has hailed Jordan’s progress in implementing the economic reforms stipulated by its $1.45 billion financing package, the second tranche of which amounts to $725 million is expected to be disbursed in November. The World Bank said that some reforms have already been completed and that 50% of the total volume has already been disbursed under the program, which the World Bank approved in June with a view to stimulate inclusive growth and create jobs. The other 50% will be disbursed when the remaining reforms are completed by the Jordanian government. To receive the second tranche, Jordan needs to complete seven reforms, two of which are enhancing the investment environment and creating an institutional legal framework for public-private partnerships. The remaining five reforms fall within the electricity sector, which represents a challenge for Jordan as it is responsible for a very large percentage of public debt. (JT 28.10)

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5.3  EXIM Signs Memorandum of Understanding with Iraq

The Export-Import Bank of the United States (EXIM) has entered into a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the Iraqi Ministry of Finance aimed at rebuilding Iraq and enhancing trade and economic cooperation between the two countries. The MOU replaces the previous agreement signed in Kuwait in February 2018 and increases the total amount of EXIM financing potentially available under the MOU from $3 billion up to a total of $5 billion. On 20 October, at EXIM headquarters in Washington, EXIM President Reed signed the MOU with Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance Hussein.

Under the MOU, EXIM and Iraq’s Ministry of Finance agreed to identify potential projects in Iraq for procurement of U.S.-produced goods and services. EXIM agreed to explore options for providing the agency’s medium- and long-term loans, guarantees and export credit insurance to support U.S. exports to Iraq. For projects that may be eligible for EXIM support, cooperation between the Ministry of Finance and EXIM would be directed towards qualifying such projects for approval by both institutions. (EXIM 20.10)

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►►Arabian Gulf

5.4  World Bank Recognizes Bahrain Among the World’s Top-10 Most Improved Economies

Bahrain has been ranked among the top-10 most improved economies in the world in this year’s Doing Business 2020 report, up 19 places to 43rd place since last year in the World Bank’s assessment of 190 countries. The most improved economies are selected based on the number of economic programs and legislative reforms each country has enacted, and on how much their ease of doing business score improved.

As part of its Economic Vision 2030, Bahrain has implemented a comprehensive economic reform program, making it easier to do business in nine areas measured in the Doing Business ranking, which evaluates a number of vital indicators of various commercial activities. This has contributed to the Kingdom benefitting from increased levels of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), which grew from $65 million in 2015 to $1.5 billion in 2018, according to the UNCTAD World Investment Report 2019. In 2018, Bahrain recorded an annual real GDP growth rate of 2.2% as well as 3% growth in non-oil sectors.

In the Doing Business Report 2020, the World Bank identified Bahrain as having made enforcing contracts easier by creating a specialized commercial court, establishing time standards for key court events, and allowing electronic service of the summons. Bahrain strengthened access to credit by giving secured creditors absolute priority during insolvency proceedings. During reorganization proceedings, creditors are also now subject to an automatic stay that is limited in time with clear grounds for relief.

Bahrain also strengthened the protection of minority investors by clarifying ownership and control structures. Bahrain made resolving insolvency easier by introducing a reorganization procedure, allowing debtors to initiate the reorganization procedure, adding provisions on post commencement financing, and improving voting arrangements. Bahrain also made paying taxes easier by implementing electronic payment of social insurance contributions. (BEDB 25.10)

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5.5  Bahrain to Fast-Track Setup Process for Global Startups

The Bahrain Economic Development Board (EDB) – the investment promotion agency for the Kingdom of Bahrain in partnership with Web Summit – announced a fast-track setup process for startups globally looking to take advantage of the business environment and startup ecosystem in Bahrain. The initiative will also enable startups to access the broader MENA region markets with the hyper-connected Kingdom of Bahrain as their launch pad.

The fast-track setup process is a free service offered through a dedicated concierge, and includes a fast-tracked entry process which will cover residency, visa requirements and business registration, guidance from Bahrain’s incubators and accelerators, as well as access to their networks and programs that will provide businesses with the connections they need to grow and expand, as well as access to grants and financial support

The initiative will allow businesses and startups to benefit from the full ecosystem in Bahrain, which boasts operating costs up to 40% lower than its neighbors, one of the region’s most highly skilled local workforces and some of the most advanced soft infrastructure in MENA. Sitting at the nexus of the Middle East, the Kingdom offers a convenient springboard into the wider region opportunity, including its largest market, Saudi Arabia. (BEDB 28.10)

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5.6  Financing Reached for Giant $870 Million UAE Desalination Plant

The Emirates Water and Electricity Company (EWEC), a subsidiary of Abu Dhabi Power Corporation (ADPower) and Saudi-based ACWA Power have confirmed the successful financial closing of the world’s largest reverse osmosis desalination plant. The new plant will be located at the Taweelah power and water desalination complex in Abu Dhabi, with completion expected in 2022. A partnership of Abu Dhabi Power Corporation and Mubadala Investment Company holds a 60% equity interest in the Taweelah project with the remaining 40% held by ACWA Power. The project is to cost AED3.19 billion ($870 million), with funding sourced from a combination of senior project finance loans worth a total of AED 2.71 billion, in addition to equity contributions from shareholders and operating cash flow from pre-operations. The Taweelah plant will supply 909,200 cubic meters per day and will be 44% larger than the world’s current largest reverse osmosis plant. It is sufficient to meet the water demand for over 350,000 households. (AB 19.10)

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5.7  Dubai’s Trade with Russia Grows by 25% to $2.5 Billion in 2018

Dubai’s external trade with Russia has increased by 25% to AED9.21 billion ($2.5 billion) in 2018, according to new official figures released by Dubai Customs. The figures show a 67% growth in two years from 2016 to 2018 while trade with Russia in the first six months of 2019 reached AED4.55 billion. Major commodities traded between the two countries include diamonds, gold, phones, cigars and vehicle spare parts. There are also over 3,000 Russian companies active in the UAE. (WAM 19.10)

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5.8  Dubai Loosens Liquor Laws as UAE Alcohol Sales Suffer Drop

Dubai has loosened its liquor laws to allow tourists to purchase alcohol in state-controlled stores, something previously only accessible to license-holding residents, as the UAE saw the first drop in alcohol sales by volume in a decade. The new laws come amid a widening economic downturn affecting the UAE.

The United Arab Emirates dominates other countries around the Mideast when it comes to drinking, with a per-capita alcohol consumption of 3.8 liters (1 gallon) per person per year, according to the World Health Organization. That’s even with Sharjah banning alcohol.

However, the laws also close a long-standing legal conundrum facing tourists who travel to Dubai. Drinking alcohol technically remains illegal without a drinker holding a permit, though no bartender ever asks to see one before pouring a drink. Dubai draws visitors from around the world to resorts on beaches along the Arabian Gulf. Alcohol means big business; there is a 50% import tax on a bottle of alcohol, as well as an additional 30% tax in Dubai on buying from liquor stores. Dubai Duty Free, which is also government owned, sold over $2 billion of goods last year alone to those passing through its airport terminals, including 9 million cans of beer, 3 million whiskey bottles and 1.5 million bottles of wine. Duty-free sales, while limited, never required an alcohol license.

The country’s two major liquor store chains are Maritime and Mercantile International, a subsidiary of the government-owned Emirates airline, and African & Eastern. Bars and nightclubs in Dubai are almost entirely limited to operating inside of or connected to hotels — even drink receipts at the Dubai International Airport show up as coming from a hotel attached to the airport.

Overall UAE sales of alcohol dropped to 161.5 million liters in 2018, down from 163.7 million liters in 2017, according to Euromonitor. However, tourism helped keep retail prices high overall as some consumers also sought higher-priced liquors, it said. In terms of tourism, authorities have taken steps in recent years to loosen drinking regulations. In 2016, Dubai eased rules prohibiting day-time alcohol sales during the holy month of Ramadan, The new procedure on alcohol permits allows tourists to obtain one for free at either African & Eastern or MMI stores after showing their passports and signing a pledge that they aren’t Muslim and will follow local law. (AP 24.10)

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5.9  Oman to Introduce New Bankruptcy Regulations in 2020

A new bankruptcy law in Oman will establish rules and regulations governing bankruptcy filing and help people emerge from it quickly. According to a report in the Times of Oman, the new regulations – which come into effect on 1 July 2020 – set the conditions for bankrupt parties to pay off creditors according to a previously agreed upon restructuring plan. The debtor who has stopped paying his debts can apply to the audit and control of commercial establishments department at the Ministry of Commerce and Industry (MoCI) to request restructuring through settling the disputes with creditors, provided the debtor continued his business during the two years preceding the filing of the application and that no final judgement has been issued against him towards declaring bankruptcy. The inheritors of the debtor have the right to apply the same request one year from the date of a debtor’s death, as long as the company is not in the process of liquidation and the debtor has continued to manage his funds and stick to obligations and contracts during the restructuring plan. In order to settle disputes between creditors and debtors, the competent department must hold mediation sessions.

The new bankruptcy law means that bankruptcy cases shall not arise except by court rulings, without which debts will have to be repaid unless the law provides otherwise. In cases in which traders falsely pretend bankruptcy courts will impose fines or between 20 and 500 Omani riyals. (ToO 20.10)

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5.10  Saudi Economy Set to Slow and See Minimal Growth in 2019

The Saudi Arabian economy, the largest in the Gulf, is set to see minimal growth of around 0.5% in 2019, according to the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW) latest research. Despite major diversification efforts, economic activity in the kingdom remains weighed down by the renewed oil production cuts by OPEC+, adding that private sector job creation is crucial to Saudi Arabia achieving long term fiscal sustainability.

ICAEW’s Economic Update: Middle East Q3/19 report, produced in partnership with Oxford Economics, said the Saudi economy continues to tread slowly towards economic diversification and improving the overall business environment. It said the non-oil private sector expanded by 2.3% in Q1 – the fastest in six quarters – and in June the Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) reached its highest level since December 2017. Preliminary estimates show that the economy grew by 1.7% in Q1, buoyed by a rise in both oil and non-oil activities compared to the same period last year.

Nonetheless, solid economic growth and rising output are yet to translate into higher hiring activity in the private sector, the ICAEW said. It added that as the government pushes Saudization policies to tackle the high levels of unemployment among locals, the number of expats in the private sector has significantly declined, with over 1.2 million expats leaving the labor market since the end of 2016. But it said the number of employed Saudis has not picked up as a result. The Saudi government posted a $7.4 billion budget surplus in Q1, the first in almost five years while construction activity in the kingdom has also shown signs of recovery. (ICAEW 19.10)

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►►North Africa

5.11  Egypt’s Non-Petroleum Exports Increase by 3%

According to Egypt’s foreign trade indices report, released by Egypt’s General Organisation for Export and Import Control on 28 October, Egypt’s imports have slightly decreased, recording $51.399 billion, down from $52.575 billion during the same period of 2018, with a decrease of $176 million. The report said the exports’ increase reflected positively on the trade balance deficit, which has increased by $669 million on 2018.

Four export sectors have achieved tangible growth in the first nine months of 2019, including the textile export sector that recorded $2.571 billion, up from $2.335 billion in 2018, rising by 10%, engineering industries exports that increased by 9%, recording $1.873 billion up from $1.722 billion in 2018. Moreover, garment exports increased by 7%, recording $1.268 billion, up from $1.18 billion in 2018, and medical exports grew by 3%, recording $392 million.

Four import sectors witnessed a notable decrease, including leather imports which decreased by 28%, recording $56 million, down from $78 million in 2018, construction materials imports that decreased by 14%, recording $7.94 billion, down from $9.2 billion in 2018. Chemical imports fell by 7%, recording $9.6 billion, down from $10.4 billion, while furniture imports decreased by 7%, recording $1.24 billion, down from $1.33 billion in 2018.

According to the report, six countries are among the top Egyptian non-petroleum importers as they have received 37% of Egypt’s total exports, including the US with $1.636 million, UAE with $1.414 billion, Saudi Arabia with $1.295 billion, Turkey with $1.232 billion, Italy with $994 million, and the UK with $729 million. Six countries are listed on top of exports to the Egyptian market: China, the US, Germany, Italy, Russia and Turkey, in the same order. (CAPMAS 28.10)

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5.12  Over 20 Million Egyptian Women Benefit from Family Planning Methods

Egypt’s Ministry of Health and Population’s Family Planning announced on 20 October that Egypt distributed about 23 million of various family planning methods including 1.5 million male condoms, more than 855,000 intrauterine contraceptive devices (ICDs), 142,165 contraceptive implants, 118,598 combination and single implants as well as other kinds of medication. More than 2.819 million women benefited from family planning methods for the first time, while the total number of females using these services during the same period reached 20.554 million with an increase of 17% compared to the previous fiscal year. The Health Ministry added that about 20.828 million women benefit from the reproductive health and family planning services during the fiscal year of 2018/19.

The ministry’s family planning services are provided through 5,925 fixed and mobile clinics to serve remote and informal housing areas, with a special focus on Upper Egypt. Egypt’s government is aiming to reduce birth rates, last year launching a massive campaign dubbed “Two is Enough,” developed by the Ministry of Social Solidarity to reduce the population growth, as Egypt’s population heads towards 100 million.

The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) contributed $19m to Egypt in 2018 to help family planning efforts. It provides technical assistance and training to the Ministry of Health to strengthen its family planning and reproductive health program. Since the 1980s, Egypt conducted family planning strategies supported by the United States to control its birth rates. The campaign led the Egyptian woman’s fertility rate to decrease from 5 children for every woman in 1976 to three children in 2008. Meanwhile, the use of family planning methods increased from 18% to 60%, as the government provided citizens with methods to reduce birth rates and conducted massive media campaigns to persuade them to commit to the strategy. (DNE 20.10)

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5.13  Moroccan Government Increases 2020 Education & Health Budget by MAD 13 Billion

Morocco’s Minister of Economy, Finance, and Administrative Reform Benchaaboun announced on 21 October the budget allocations for key sectors in the 2020 appropriation bill (PLF).

The 2020 PLF allocated MAD 91 billion for education, scientific research, and health care. This budget represents 30% of the total state budget for the year 2020. The 2020 budget for the three sectors is about MAD 13 billion more than the 2019 education, scientific research and health budget. The budget for education and scientific research will go from MAD 62 billion in 2019 to MAD 72.4 billion for 2020, representing a 16.75% increase. Meanwhile the health budget is set to increase by 14.41%, from MAD 16.3 billion to MAD 18.7 billion. The increased budget aims to support reforms in these vital sectors after a series of strikes and manifestations.

The bill also aims to create 20,000 jobs in the three sectors. The health sector will account for 4,000 new jobs, and education and scientific research will account for a further 16,000. Benchaaboun also announced the allocation of MAD 1.7 billion for the health insurance system, RAMED, allowing it to cover more Moroccans, including freelancers and students. An additional MAD 3.5 billion will go to initiatives aiming to prevent students from dropping out of school, especially in rural areas, by providing support to their families. The initiatives include “Tayssir” initiative, giving parents financial support to keep their children in school, “One million schoolbags” initiative, and school buses in rural areas. The official also announced the cancellation of value-added taxes (VAT) on vaccines, to make them more affordable for low-income households.

The budget announcement comes after a long year of demonstrations and protests across several sectors. It remains to be seen whether the money the newly reshuffled government is injecting into education, health and purchasing power will have the desired impact. (MWN 22.10)

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5.14  Morocco’s National Defense Budget to Increase by 29%

Morocco’s 2020 finance bill will account for an increase in the kingdom’s national defense budget. The budget is set to increase by nearly 30% in 2020, from MAD 35.155 million to MAD 45.438 million. Staff costs will rise from MAD 22.330 million to MAD 33.167 million due to an increase in recruits and military conscripts in the Royal Armed Forces (FAR). In addition, FAR staff will benefit from higher wages. Equipment costs will rise from MAD 6.051 million to MAD 7.125 million. Investment spending will increase from MAD 4.773 million to MAD 5.146 million.

Per article 40 of the 2020 finance bill, the minister delegate in charge of the Defense Administration will commit MAD 110 billion to an endowment expenditure account entitled the “Acquisition and Repair of Royal Armed Forces Equipment.” This equipment includes 24 Apache helicopters, 12 light transport helicopters, 24 tactical lift helicopters, and an electronic warplane. As Morocco prioritizes anti-aircraft defense, FAR will purchase at least one surface-to-air missile system (the American PAC-3) and a self-propelled howitzer (the American M109A6 Paladin). FAR will also acquire an infantry fighting vehicle and 25 fighter aircraft (American 25 F-16 Fighting Falcons).

The acquisitions of military equipment comes as part of Morocco’s efforts to strengthen its military. Morocco aims to have a fully independent army, air force and navy. The increased defense budget will also serve to strengthen the Royal Navy’s patrol fleet with a new frigate. Morocco will also invest in a top-of-the-line coastal surveillance system as securing the coasts has become a key priority of the kingdom. (MWN 21.10)

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6.1  IMF Lowers Forecast for Cypriot Economy Due to Global Slowdown

The International Monetary Fund downgraded its projections for the Cyprus economy as part of the slowdown of the global economy due to subdued trade and softer industrial production. In its World Economic Outlook (WEO), the IMF said Cypriot GDP will expand by 3.1% compared with 3.5% of GDP in its April edition, while in 2020 the economy is expected to slow at 2.9% growth compared with 3.3% in its previous estimate. Unemployment is projected to reach 8% compared with 7% in the previous estimate and decline to 6% in 2020, the IMF said. Inflation will remain subdued at 0.8% this year but accelerate to 1.6% in 2020. Cyprus’ current account will reach a deficit of 7.8% in 2019 and is estimated to decline to 7.5% in 2020. (IMF 16.10)

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6.2  Cyprus Minister Warns Care Needed in Handling Toxic Loans and New Health System

Cypriot Finance Minister Georgiades warned that the three outstanding issues which must be dealt with are the elimination of non-performing loans, a pending court decision on civil service salary cuts and the sustainability of the National Health Service. Georgiades was speaking at his fifth and final annual lecture at the University of Cyprus, before stepping down as minister later this year.

He said that Cyprus needs to increase per capita income to the European average by preserving and strengthening traditional sectors of the economy and encouraging the development of new ones to expand the productive base. The Finance Minister said that during its second term the government was focusing on promoting reforms, it has budgeted hundreds of millions for e-government and created new structures and allocated significant resources to research and innovation. He also noted that the Government has brought before parliament bills providing for reforms in the judicial system, the local government, and establishing a new supervisory authority for insurances and welfare funds as well as a Ministry for Research, Innovation and Digital Policy. (FM 23.10)

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6.3  Cyprus to Soon Make Income Tax Declarations Obligatory for All

Every Cyprus resident with an income of any size is soon to be obliged by law to submit an annual income tax statement, said Finance Minister Georgiades. The Minister said that a bill has been approved by the cabinet which foresees that everyone is obliged to submit an income tax statement to enhance the state’s capacity to “exercise effective tax control”. The amendment means every citizen is legally obliged to submit a tax statement whether their annual income is under the taxable threshold of €19,500 or not. A second provision of the draft bill will see all businesses required to accept plastic money as payment. The new legislation will also make the failure to pay income tax a criminal offence, in line with VAT provisions. (FM 24.10)

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6.4 Greek Unemployment Falls by 5% during September

The total number of people registered as being unemployed in Greece fell by 5.06% from August to September, the Manpower Organization (OAED) reported on 21 October. This brought the August total of 888,089 listed as unemployed down to 843,154 in September. The drop in unemployment is calculated by the criterion of actively seeking work. Concerning those who are registered as unemployed but are not seeking employment, OAED reported a drop of 4.8%, from 73,660 in August to 70,128 in September. (ANA-MPA 21.10)

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6.5  ESM Approves Greece’s Request to Repay Large Part of IMF Loan

The boards of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) and European Financial Stability Facility (EFSF) agreed on 28 October to allow Greece to repay earlier a part of its expensive loan to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), without paying an equal amount to the two organizations. Under the ESM and EFSF loan agreements with Greece, if the country repays the IMF early, it would have to repay a proportional amount to the two institutions, but the waiver granted by the ESM and EFSF means that the country will not be required to do so. Greece’s early partial repayment to the IMF will generate savings as Greece can now finance itself on the market at a lower cost compared to the cost of servicing the tranche to be repaid to the IMF. (eKathimerini 29.10)

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7.1 Eid Al Mawlid Marked by Moslems Worldwide

The Eid al Mawlid a-Nabawi is the celebration of the birth of Prophet Muhammad. While some are against any such celebration, the overwhelming majority of Muslims take part in one form or another. Shias observe the event on 17 Rabi Al Awwal, while Sunnis observe it on the 12th of the month. Some branches of Sunni Islam, such as Wahhabi and Salafi do not celebrate Mawlid, meaning that it is not a holiday in some countries such as Saudi Arabia and Qatar.

In Jordan, the Mawlid celebrations will begin on 9 November, ending on the 10th. Morocco’s Ministry of Islamic Affairs has announced that as 1 Rabi Al Awwal, the third month in the Islamic calendar will correspond to 30 October, Moroccans will celebrate the feast of the birth of Prophet Muhammad on 10 November. The month of Safar, the second month in the Islamic year, will complete 30 days and the first day of Rabi I will be on 30 October. Unlike others feasts such as Eid Al Adha and Eid al Fitr, Muslims are not supposed to perform any special prayers in the early morning. The Eid is an opportunity for Muslims to recall the ideals of Islam and recite poems dedicated to the prophet.

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7.2 Academic Studies in Israel See More Computer Science and Less Law or Humanities

According to recently released data by the Israel’s Council for Higher Education, the supervisory body for universities and colleges, between 2013 and 2018 the number of students who enrolled for computer science and math degrees has risen by approximately 53%, rising from 10,924 to 16,780.

In Israel, tech workers accounted for 8.7% of the national workforce in 2018, up from 8.3% in 2017, according to a report published in August by the government’s tech investment arm, the Israel Innovation Authority. The IIA recorded some 300,000 filled full-time tech positions in the country in 2018. By mid-2019, this number increased to 307,000. The number of students who enrolled in engineering degrees in Israel has increased by approximately 10% between 2013 and 2018, from 31,867 to 35,041.

Many multinational companies keep Israeli offices; companies including Intel, Nvidia, Amazon and Samsung have stepped up their recruitment efforts in Israel in the past year sending wages up to around 2.5 times the average local wage.

Lebanon has been paralyzed by the unprecedented wave of protests against the rampant corruption of the political class that has collectively led Lebanon into the worst economic crisis since the 1975-90 civil war. The turmoil has worsened Lebanon’s acute economic crisis, with financial strains leading to a scarcity of hard currency and a weakening of the pegged Lebanese pound. Lebanese government bonds tumbled on the turmoil. (Various 29.10)

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7.3 Abu Dhabi Launches World’s First University of Artificial Intelligence

On 16 October, Abu Dhabi announced the establishment of the Mohamed bin Zayed University of Artificial Intelligence (MBZUAI), the first graduate level, research-based AI university in the world. MBZUAI will enable graduate students, businesses, and governments to advance artificial intelligence, a statement said. The University is named after Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces, who has long advocated for the UAE’s development of human capital through knowledge and scientific thinking to take the nation into the future. MBZUAI will provide all admitted students with a full scholarship, plus benefits such as a monthly allowance, health insurance, and accommodation. The university will also work with leading local and global companies to secure internships, and will also assist students in finding employment opportunities. The first class of graduate students will commence coursework at MBZUAI’s Masdar City campus in September 2020.

The university will offer Master of Science (MSc) and PhD level programs in key areas of AI – Machine Learning, Computer Vision, and Natural Language Processing – while also engaging policymakers and businesses around the world so that AI is harnessed responsibly as a force for positive transformation.

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8.1 Fidmi Medical Receives FDA Regulatory Clearance for Low-profile Enteral Feeding Device

Fidmi Medical, a portfolio company of The Trendlines Group, announced that it received 510K regulatory clearance from the US FDA for its low-profile enteral feeding device. Fidmi Medical’s innovative low-profile gastrostomy system is unique in that it can be utilized for both initial placement and replacement and has several features which make it more durable and comfortable for patients. Gastrostomy tubes very often get dislodged or clogged, promoting infection and need to be replaced frequently. Fidmi’s improved low-profile gastrostomy tube is placed just like any standard Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy (PEG) tube but has an easily replaceable inner tube which can be changed by patients without the need to re-enter the healthcare system for replacement procedures. This will result in fewer complications with patients’ gastric tubes, therefore potentially reducing healthcare costs for payers and healthcare systems; as well as providing a substantial improvement in quality of life for patients and their caregivers.

Caesarea’s Fidmi Medical is an Israeli company founded in 2014, dedicated to developing enhanced feeding devices that offer easy insertion, replacement and removal. The Company was founded with investment and support of The Trendlines Group’s medical technology incubator, and support from the Israel Innovation Authority. Fidmi Medical is currently raising a new investment round to bring the company to commercialization. (Fidmi Medical 16.10)

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8.2 AquaMaof Reveals Ground-Breaking Technology for Land-Based Shrimp Production

AquaMaof Aquaculture Technologies revealed a land-based R&D facility for the production of shrimp located in southern Israel. In an industry first, AquaMaof has successfully adapted its RAS technology to the commercial production of L vannamei shrimp with a high-survival rate and disease-free results.

To date, AquaMaof has secured more than $300 million in closed deals around the globe, leading the land-based aquaculture industry with more than a dozen facilities worldwide. AquaMaof’s RAS technology provides a solution for responsibly-farmed and harvested aquaculture practices, for fish and seafood.

AquaMaof has developed a solution after three years of research, announcing that its proprietary RAS technology for commercial land-based production of shrimp will be ready for market in 2020. AquaMaof successfully achieved high-density shrimp production, high shrimp survival rates and low FCR (Food Conversion Ratio) – all in a disease-free environment, with very low bacterial counts in the water. Additionally, AquaMaof’s technology facilitates control over the color of the shrimp and their genetics, enabling production of a high-quality end product. The technology also enables partial harvest in different sizes, while maintaining low operational costs.

Rosh HaAyin’s AquaMaof Aquaculture Technologies is a privately-owned company, specializing in the field of indoor aquaculture technology and turn-key projects. With over 30 years of experience, AquaMaof’s team of technology and aquaculture experts has been providing research and development, as well as comprehensive design, production, operations and support solutions for aqua farming in over 50 locations around the world. The Company’s unique indoor fish production capabilities offer advanced, sustainable, and cost-effective solutions for today’s fish-growing needs. From concept to operational fish production facilities, the company’s cutting-edge RAS (Recirculating Aquaculture Systems) based solutions have been proven worldwide. (AquaMaof 16.10)

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8.3 Anlit Delivers Probiotics by the Bite

Anlit expanded its portfolio of family oriented dietary supplements with new, flavorful Long-Life Probiotic bites. The company has stabilized a range of probiotic strains via its innovative LLP technology, which preserves live bacteria in ambient conditions suitable for incorporation into fun and flavorful chewable bites. Anlit selected specific probiotic strains to be adapted into new formulations that target gut health, women’s health, and immune function merged with natural inulin fiber from native chicory for added prebiotic support.

The three strains currently available include: Bifidobacterium lactis, one of the main colonizers of the human intestinal microbiome throughout the life span and having a key role in boosting immunity; Lactobacillus acidophilus, the microbe of choice for protecting women’s gynecological health and preventing infections; and Lactobacillus rhamnosus-GG, known for helping to promote better gut function and for relieving IBS symptoms.

Granot’s Anlit, a subsidiary of Maabarot Products, Israel, is an innovative developer and manufacturer of a comprehensive range of food supplements for adults and children. All Anlit products are gluten-free and nut-free. The plant is certified GMP, FSSC22000, and ISO 9001 and is HACCP compliant, as well as kosher and halal certified. (Anlit 16.10)

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8.4 Cannabics Clinical Data Results from Its Study on Controlled Release Capsules

Cannabics Pharmaceuticals announced that the final results of its pilot study to test the efficacy of Cannabics’ Dosage-Controlled capsules for the treatment of cancer anorexia-cachexia syndrome (CACS) in advanced cancer patients have been published on the Journal of Integrative Cancer Therapies. The study was performed at the Rambam Health Care Campus (HCC), Division of Oncology, in Haifa, Israel. The study objective was to evaluate the effect of dosage-controlled cannabis capsules on CACS in advanced cancer patients, and more specifically, on patient weight variation.

The cannabis capsules used in this study contained 2 fractions of oil-based compounds, provided by Cannabics Pharmaceuticals. All stages of the technology are being protected under Cannabics’ rapidly expanding patent portfolio. The formulation of the study capsule is a lipid-based drug delivery system, which highly improves the relatively low oral bioavailability, related to absorption, degradation and metabolism.

During the study, some patients reported several psychoactive side effects and it was decided to reduce the capsules’ dosage to 5 mg. Almost no side effects were reported with the Cannabics 5 mg dosage. It seems that this dosage is appropriate for the treatment of CACS in advanced cancer patients under active treatment. This is the first study investigating the effect of dosage-controlled cannabis capsules on CACS and, more specifically, on weight variations in advanced cancer patients, according to the Good Clinical Practice criteria.

Cannabics Pharmaceuticals is a U.S public company that is developing a platform which leverages novel drug-screening tools and artificial intelligence to create cannabinoid-based therapies for cancer that are more precise to a patient’s profile. By developing tools to assess effectiveness on a personalized basis, Cannabics is helping to move cannabinoids into the future of cancer therapy. The company’s R&D is based in Israel, where it is licensed by the Ministry of Health to conduct scientific and clinical research on cannabinoid formulations and Cancer. (Cannabics 16.10)

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8.5 Intelerad & Zebra Medical Vision Accelerate AI Adoption via Intelerad’s Odyssey Workflow

Montréal, Québec’s Intelerad Medical Systems, a leader in enterprise workflow solutions, and Zebra Medical Vision announced a joint program leveraging Intelerad’s newly released Odyssey designed to encourage the adoption of artificial intelligence without the prohibitive costs usually associated with such programs. Odyssey harnesses the power of artificial intelligence and the technology behind the Intelerad worklist to offer an unparalleled workflow management solution, comprised of the clinical AI engine, powered by Zebra-med’s AI1 “all-in-one” bundle of FDA cleared AI applications. Connected via API, it analyses the images and automatically returns the findings to the worklist which then escalates the study to the radiologist’s attention.

With Odyssey, Intelerad and Zebra-Med are removing two critical barriers to AI accessibility: the prohibitive cost of AI platforms and the need for demonstrated impact prior to committing resources to AI. Through a pay-per-study model and by eliminating the high, up front flat-fee models typically offered in the market, Intelerad intends to encourage AI adoption by healthcare service providers of all sizes. Therefore, for a limited time, Intelerad will subsidize and secure for its customers 12 months of trial use of the AI1 clinical algorithms.

Kibbutz Shefayim’s Zebra Medical Vision‘s Imaging Analytics Platform allows healthcare institutions to identify patients at risk of disease and offer improved, preventative treatment pathways to improve patient care. Zebra-Med, founded in 2014, is funded by Khosla Ventures, Marc Benioff, Intermountain Investment Fund, OurCrowd Qure, Aurum, aMoon, Nvidia, J&J, and Dolby Ventures. (Zebra Medical Vision 21.10)

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8.6 Perflow Medical Receives CE Mark Approval of Novel Cascade Agile

Perflow Medical has received CE Mark approval for the Cascade Agile Non-Occlusive Remodeling Net (Cascade Agile). Expanding the Cascade product family, the Cascade Agile optimizes control for distal and tortuous vessel anatomy during coil embolization of intracranial aneurysms. The Cascade Agile is the latest addition to Perflow’s portfolio of novel neurovascular devices based on a proprietary technology platform, which includes the Stream Dynamic Neuro-Thrombectomy Net (Stream Net) and Cascade Net.

The Cascade product family enables procedural efficiency that is not seen in competitive remodeling devices that necessitate total or partial vessel occlusion. Their unique net design enables continuous blood flow during cerebral aneurysm repair and coiling. For distal aneurysms with tortuous anatomy, the Cascade Agile’s shorter braid length creates an even more responsive device, which gives physicians the confidence and control they need to safely perform coil embolization. The Cascade product family and Stream Net are commercially available across Europe for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms and acute ischemic stroke, respectively. Perflow products are not approved for clinical use within the United States.

Netanya’s Perflow Medical develops and manufactures innovative solutions to address complex neurovascular disorders. Perflow’s patent protected CEREBRAL NET Technology platform, a braided net that enables adjustable neurovascular treatments, emphasizes physician expertise by combining real-time physician control, advanced device manipulation, full wall apposition, and excellent radiopacity to improve patient outcomes. (Perflow Medical 21.10)

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8.7 Thai Union Group Invests in Alternative Protein Startup Flying SpArk

Flying SpArk and Thailand’s Thai Union Group, one of the world’s largest seafood producers, are leveraging their expertise and capabilities to develop an important entry in the alternative protein market. Thai Union will also invest in Flying SpArk, enabling the startup to move ahead with its insect growing and processing capabilities in Thailand and dedicate efforts towards cost reduction and process improvements. The Flying SpArk and Thai Union announcement includes both a strategic partnership and investment to promote larval insect protein as a highly sustainable, highly nutritious contender in the alternative protein market. This collaboration joins Thai Union’s production capabilities and global reach with Flying SpArk’s innovative technology in creating an affordable protein offering to fulfill the worldwide growing need for cheap, sustainable, high-quality protein.

Flying SpArk uses larvae from Ceratitis Capitata, which in nature feed on fresh fruits. The larvae have a lifespan of only seven days yet multiply their body mass 250 times in that period. Flying SpArk’s technology enables easy and low cost cultivation and processing, with nearly zero waste, as all parts of the larvae are used. This gives Flying SpArk an edge over conventional protein sources — not only those from meat and plants but also over other insects, such as crickets and grasshoppers.

Ashdod’s Flying SpArk is producing 70% protein powder that is extremely rich in iron, calcium, magnesium, dietary fibers, and is an excellent source of amino acids. Its white color and mild taste and aroma enables easy incorporation of the protein into a variety of food and feed products. The protein production process is highly sustainable; Flying SpArks’ technology requires very little water and land, creates no methane emissions, and does not use hormones or antibiotics. The startup received its seed investment, and is supported by, the Israeli FoodTech incubator “The Kitchen Hub”, a part of the Strauss Group Ltd., the second largest food producer in Israel. (Flying SpArk 22.10)

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8.8 Orasis’ CSF-1 Eye Drop Meets Primary Endpoint in Presbyopia Study

Orasis Pharmaceuticals announced its CSF-1 eye drop has successfully met the primary endpoint in a Phase 2b clinical study in individuals with presbyopia. CSF-1 successfully demonstrated statistically significant improvement in distance-corrected near visual acuity of a 3-line or greater gain. In addition, CSF-1 demonstrated an exceptional safety and tolerability profile. Full results from the study will be submitted for presentation at an upcoming medical meeting. The Phase 2b study (NCT03885011) was a multi-center, double-masked clinical trial that evaluated the efficacy and safety of CSF-1 in 166 participants across several research centers in the U.S.

Presbyopia is the inability to focus on near objects. It commonly occurs after the age of 40 and affects more than 1.8 billion people worldwide. People with presbyopia experience blurred vision when performing daily tasks that require near visual acuity, such as reading a book, a restaurant menu or messages on a smartphone. Presbyopia occurs as a result of the natural aging process when the crystalline lens of the eye gradually stiffens and loses flexibility. Presbyopia cannot be prevented or reversed, and it continues to progress gradually. All existing treatment options are either cumbersome or invasive, presenting a significant unmet need for quality of life improvement for people with presbyopia.

Herzliya’s Orasis Pharmaceuticals is developing CSF-1, a corrective eye drop for the treatment of presbyopia as an alternative to reading glasses. By repurposing existing and well-studied molecules, CSF-1 is designed to be effective, safe, comfortable and easy-to-use. Orasis is led by a collaborative team of industry executives and ophthalmologists with a diverse set of experiences in research, development, and commercialization of pharmaceutical drugs, as well as finance and business development. (Orasis 20.10)

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8.9 Raises $50 Million Series B Round for AI Powered Synchronized Stroke Care announced a $50 million Series B funding. The funding round was led by Greenoaks with participation from Threshold Ventures, CRV along with existing investors GV and Kleiner Perkins. has emerged as one of the most exciting and fastest growing healthcare companies in the artificial intelligence (AI) space. Through the De Novo FDA pathway, introduced the concept of computer-aided triage software; Viz uses deep learning algorithms to identify a suspected large vessel occlusion, a particularly disabling type of stroke, in a CT scan and alerts the stroke team specialist. This happens in minutes. By alerting the right doctor at the right time and synchronizing care, Viz has the potential to significantly reduce the time to treatment and greatly increase a patient’s chances of a good outcome.’s acute ischemic stroke software is now available in over 300 hospitals across the U.S. is positioned to make a big impact on healthcare as a whole by curating the exponentially expanding healthcare data and making it immediately actionable for medical providers.

Tel Aviv’s is the leader in applied artificial intelligence in healthcare.’s mission is to fundamentally improve how healthcare is delivered in the world, through intelligent software that promises to reduce time to treatment and improve access to care.’s flagship product, Viz LVO, leverages advanced deep learning to communicate time-sensitive information about suspected stroke patients straight to a specialist who can intervene and treat. ( 23.10)

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8.10 Teva Settles Track 1 Opioid Cases and Reaches Agreement on Settlement Framework

Teva Pharmaceutical Industries and its affiliates announced a settlement agreement with both Cuyahoga and Summit counties of Ohio. The settlement resolves the counties’ claims and removes Teva from the Track 1 opioid litigation. Under the terms of the settlement, the Company will provide the two counties with the critical opioid treatment medication buprenorphine naloxone (sublingual tablets), known by the brand name Suboxone, valued at $25 million and distributed over three years to help in the care and treatment of people suffering from addiction, with a cash payment in the amount of $20 million, to be paid over three years.

Teva also confirms that there is an agreement in principle with a group of attorneys general from North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Tennessee and Texas, as well as certain defendants, for a global settlement framework. The framework is designed to provide a mechanism by which the Company attempts to seek resolution of remaining potential and pending opioid claims by both the states and political subdivisions. Under this agreement, Teva would donate buprenorphine naloxone (sublingual tablets), in quantities of up to the amount needed to meet the majority of the currently estimated U.S. patient need over the next 10 years, with a value of approximately $23 billion. The Teva product donation will significantly contribute to the care and treatment of people suffering from addiction and assist impacted communities. Teva would also provide a cash payment of up to $250 million over 10 years.

Teva Pharmaceutical Industries has been developing and producing medicines to improve people’s lives for more than a century. They are a global leader in generic and specialty medicines with a portfolio consisting of over 3,500 products in nearly every therapeutic area. Around 200 million people around the world take a Teva medicine every day, and are served by one of the largest and most complex supply chains in the pharmaceutical industry. (Teva 21.10)

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8.11 Biomica & Weizmann Develop a Treatment Against Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria

Biomica announced a collaboration with the Weizmann Institute of Science to develop a selective treatment against antibiotic resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus infection, in a microbiome focused approach. This approach aims to target a specific microbe while maintaining the microbiome of the patients’ gut. The company has in-licensed discoveries in high-resolution crystal structure of the large ribosomal subunit of the pathogenic Staphylococcus aureus. The crystal structure originates from pathogenic species, allowing a high degree of specificity, and together with Biomica’s unique computational technology, will enable the design and development of new types of selective, narrow spectrum antibiotics agents.

Biomica aims to use the in-licensed IP and know-how to design specific molecules that selectively target and inhibit the large ribosomal subunit of the pathogenic Staphylococcus aureus. Biomica utilizes a unique computational approach, licensed from Evogene (the CPB platform), for a virtual screening process that enables the identification and design of small molecular agents with selective activity towards specific microbial target proteins. While current broad-spectrum antibiotics treatments harm the patient’s commensal intestinal microbial community, Biomica’s highly selective approach aims to target and eliminate only the pathogen and maintain the integrity of the patients’ gut microbiome.

Rehovot’s Biomica is an emerging biopharmaceutical company developing innovative microbiome-based therapeutics utilizing a dedicated Computational Predictive Biology platform (CPB). Biomica aims to identify and characterize disease-related microbiome entities, and to develop novel therapeutics based on these understandings. The company is focused on the development of therapies for antibiotic resistant bacteria, immuno-oncology and microbiome-related gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. (Biomica 23.10)

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8.12 MedHub’s AI-Powered Solutions are Disrupting Cardiology

Tel Aviv’s MedHub develops decision-support systems for cardiologists that leverage Artificial Intelligence (AI) to guide cardiologists during the diagnostic cardiac angiography process. The fully automated system, named AutocathFFR, detects stenoses (narrowing) in the coronary arteries surrounding the heart, while providing cardiologists with relevant physiological parameters that aid them in assessing the severity of their patients’ condition. In doing so, the system helps these physicians devise the optimal treatment strategy.

Following a successful feasibility study, done in close collaboration with the Rambam Healthcare Campus, a leading facility in the field of interventional cardiology, MedHub is now in the initial stages of a pivotal multi-center clinical trial to demonstrate the efficacy of AutocathFFR. The results of the feasibility study will be published at the upcoming, highly prestigious, ICI conference.

MedHub considers its first product, AutocathFFR, part of the current movement towards automizing medical practices. With the advent of AI, the road to full Robotic Process Automation (RPA) in cardiac diagnostics is getting shorter. MedHub has goaled itself with optimizing diagnoses, thus lowering costs, improving the long-term effects of treatment and achieving better overall outcomes in terms of quality of life. (MedHub 22.10)

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8.13 Pepticom Raises $5 Million in Series A Funding

Pepticom has secured $5 million in Series A funding from the Chartered Group. Pepticom’s unique artificial intelligence (AI) technology streamlines and significantly accelerates the ability of researchers to discover advanced peptide-based drug candidates. Peptides are used in various therapies, and are recognized for being highly selective and efficacious as well as relatively safe. The pharma industry has recently shown an increased interest in peptide research and development, leading to a resurgence of peptide drug candidates. The process of discovering new peptides with lifesaving potential, however, is still costly and time consuming. Pepticom’s AI technology enables the discovery of the most advanced peptide-based drug candidates by searching an enormous set of possible solutions, vastly reducing the risk of failure during development.

Pepticom’s technology covers a chemical-space of 1030 possible molecular options – which is much larger than current screening techniques – while simultaneously filtering out the most suitable candidates with properties such as solubility and permeability amongst others. The ability to search a large amount of variables while considering their pharmacological impact, and also eliminating nonviable molecules at an early stage is groundbreaking in peptide drug discovery. Pepticom’s technology brings down the cost of drug discovery in a quick, comprehensive and successful manner.

Jerusalem’s Pepticom is a privately held AI company committed to offering AI peptide drug discovery solutions for a better and healthier world. It is the leader in the emerging peptide drugs software solutions, AI and prediction tools that allow research centers, pharma and agriculture companies to accelerate innovative molecules discovery while reducing time, costs and risks. Pepticom operates in various markets; past successful discoveries include peptide molecules related to metabolic diseases and Immuno-modulators. Pepticom was founded in 2011 by a select team of multidisciplinary PhD graduates from The Hebrew University of Jerusalem with technology licensed from Yissum, the technology transfer company of The Hebrew University. (Pepticom 24.10)

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8.14 Biogal-Galed Labs Launches RoboComb, an Automated Kit Reading Device

Biogal Galed Labs, a leader of veterinary diagnostic solutions, announced the commercialization of the new RoboComb, an automated development robot for Biogal’s VacciCheck and ImmunoComb kits. This will make the development of VacciCheck / ImmunoComb simple, faster, automated and more accurate.

This user friendly, add on technology, will greatly assist veterinarians in the vet clinic / vet lab setting.

RoboComb now offers automated development of ImmunoComb/VacciCheck, “Walk away” operation of ImmunoComb /VacciCheck results, equivalency to a lab ELISA robot, less chance of development errors, when compared to manual development and can individually or batch test up to 12 teeth. When adding RoboComb to Biogal’s recently released CombCam, both the development and interpretation of VacciCheck or ImmunoComb, is now a fully automated process. The RoboComb is available for all of Biogal’s VacciCheck/ImmunoComb kits.

Kibbutz Galed’s Biogal was established in 1986. Biogal’s various veterinary diagnostic products are available in over 35 countries. Biogal developed the patented ImmunoComb, VacciCheck and PCRun technologies for the detection of pet infectious diseases. (Biogal Galed Labs 28.10)

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8.15 Laminate Medical Receives Investment from Valiance

Laminate Medical Technologies announced the completion of a capital raising following an investment from the London-based Valiance Asset Management, through its Luxembourg domiciled Life Sciences Global Investment Fund, in addition to the investment announced earlier this year. This is the first investment by a Valiance fund in an Israeli company.

Laminate’s flagship device, VasQ, is in use today in hundreds of hospitals across Europe with impressive results. Dialysis patients require surgically created arteriovenous fistulas to facilitate renal replacement therapy. However, arteriovenous fistulas have a historically high primary failure rate, requiring patients to experience multiple additional procedures or even to receive an entirely new arteriovenous fistula. VasQ’s unique design provides an external support for the fistula to promote usability without the need for multiple procedures and minimizes the risk of primary failure requiring a new creation. The success of VasQ has been demonstrated in a recently published randomized controlled study in the American Journal of Kidney Disease, as well as by independent reports from commercial use.

VasQ has already received European CE approval and is commercialized locally by means of a broad network of distributors in Italy, Switzerland and Austria. There has been significant uptake in Germany following approval of NUB insurance indemnification, regulating receipt of authorized reimbursements from the country’s insurance companies to cover the cost of the device. The research and development center of Laminate Medical Technologies is in Ramat HaHayal in Tel Aviv, with branches in the USA and Germany. The company has 22 employees. (Laminate Medical 23.10)

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8.16 BASF and NRGene Collaborate to Accelerate Crop Breeding

Germany’s BASF and NRGene announced a research collaboration that includes the adoption of NRGene’s cloud-based artificial intelligence (AI) technology into BASF soybean research projects. The GenoMAGIC technology will allow for more comprehensive evaluations to accelerate trait discovery and breeding across diverse crops.

NRGene’s advanced multi-purpose breeding platform is a cloud-based solution for managing the full genomic diversity of species. It can analyze unlimited volumes of genomic data, enabling scientists and breeders to easily relate genomic sequences with beneficial traits, making genomic selection and trait mapping much more productive. Data use is accelerated, making breeding both faster and more cost effective

Rehovot’s NRGene is a genomics company that provides turn-key solutions. Relying on a vast proprietary database and AI-based technologies, we provide the largest seed and food companies in the world with the computational tools they need to maximize their crop yield, significantly saving them time and cost. NRGene’s tools have already been implemented by some of the leading agri-biotech companies worldwide, as well as the most influential research teams in academia. (BASF 29.10)

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9.1 ASOCS Launches CYRUS 2.0, an All-software 4G & 5G Virtual RAN Solution

ASOCS is launching CYRUS 2.0, the company’s newest, highly promising 4G & 5G virtual RAN solution. CYRUS 2.0 is a fully virtualized RAN solution, delivering 4G & 5G cellular connectivity in a single software stack. CYRUS 2.0 is the first commercial-grade solution to fully support the O-RAN 7.2 front haul interface. As such, it can connect to any O-RAN 7.2 compliant radio to deliver cellular connectivity across various use cases in both LAN and WAN deployment scenarios. Fully virtualized across all layers, CYRUS 2.0 can run on any standard server or uCPE. This gives customers the ability to run multiple applications on a unified, lightweight platform. Customers can also choose whether to bring their own hardware, significantly reducing costs and time to market, or enjoy an end-to-end solution with radios, servers and all other hardware included, configured and validated.

Interoperable with VMware’s vCloud NFV platform, CYRUS 2.0 was designed with mobile operators and their enterprise customers in mind, with the goal of delivering seamless, pain-free 4G & 5G cellular connectivity and hosting multiple services both on premise and on the edge.

Rosh HaAyin’s ASOCS is disrupting the traditional RAN market with an open and virtualized software solution, delivering 4G and 5G for both LAN and WAN cellular network solutions. Their on premise mobile clouds are delivered on commercial off-the-shelf IT hardware and O-RAN compliant radios, which allow operators and their customers to benefit from new levels of performance and reliability for delivering mission-critical tasks and localized private networks. It also provides enhanced insights and analytics about mobile usage. (ASOCS 16.10)

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9.2 Sonarax and GEM Bring Ultrasonic Tech-Powered Wayfinding to Museums

Sonarax announce a partnership with GEM to enhance visitor experience with indoor positioning, wayfinding, and interactive displays. GPS navigation may lead you to the museum itself, but it only drops you off at the front door. Sonarax’s ultrasonic technology, delivered through GEM’s app, picks up the slack, assisting visitors with indoor positioning to help them navigate from exhibit to exhibit at ease. Once they’ve reached each exhibit, visitors will be able to interact with the displays through their mobile phones — no Wi-Fi or mobile data required. Furthermore, when entering a specific room, the visitor will be able to see the relevant items on their mobile phone and select the relevant audio description. Sonarax’s technology, which communicates data through soundwaves, makes it possible, offering visitors a seamless and reliable user experience.

Haifa’s Sonarax is a deep tech technology company, which develops the most advanced “Data over Sound” protocol enabling ultra-secure Machine-to-Machine connectivity. The protocol empowers Location-Based-Services from marketing to P2P payment, access control, IoT connectivity, off-line user engagement, and unique indoor navigation. Sonarax’s award-winning, unique, and proprietary IP is well recognized by leaders in the academy and industry.

Tel Aviv’s GEM is a personalized mobile app for visitors in museums that creates a relationship between museums and their audiences before, during, and after their visit. GEM uses AI and big-data analytics to transform each tour into a unique and memorable experience. (Sonarax 16.10)

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9.3 Odo Security Named Top Hot Startup Winner in 2019 NetEvents Awards

Odo Security was selected the overall Hot Startup winner in the prestigious 2019 NetEvents Innovation Awards, held at the Hayes Mansion in San Jose, California on 3 October 2019. Each year, the NetEvents Innovation Awards honor the most innovative startups and established companies in three categories: Cybersecurity, Internet of Things (IoT) and Cloud/Datacenter. In addition to being named the Hot Startup winner in the Cybersecurity category, Odo Security also received the most votes from venture capital judges as their top investment choice.

Odo’s zero-trust architecture moves access decisions from the fading network perimeter to individual devices, users, and applications where business-driven security policies and access controls are best enforced. Every access attempt is treated as suspect until authenticated and authorized. Users only have access to those resources they have been authorized to see. In a new reality defined by the cloud, mobility, and increasing demands for agility, IT and DevOps engineers can ensure that the right people have access to the right resources at the right time, all while giving users frictionless access and maintaining total visibility on all user activity.

Tel Aviv’s Odo enables organizations to simplify, secure and scale remote access across multi-cloud and on-premises infrastructures. Odo’s agentless, zero trust access solution removes the need for VPNs and enables IT and DevOps engineers to easily manage secure access to any application, server, database, and environment, eliminating network layer access and providing full visibility on all user activity. (Odo Security 16.10)

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9.4 Personetics’ AI-powered Engagement Platform for SMBs Adopted by Leading Banks

Personetics has been seeing a growing demand for tools designed specifically to meet the needs of banks’ small and medium business (SMB) customers. Notably, Personetics Self-Driving Technology has been critical to the digital SMB services recently rolled out by two leading banks, the Royal Bank of Canada and UK-based Metro Bank, which are using the tools to provide personalized insights, assist in cash flow management, and offer proactive advice.

Using Personetics’ technology, banks can create personalized and real-time solutions to generate tips and alerts for SMB customers, providing valuable financial insights, enabling businesses to make more data-driven decisions and grow their businesses. The new suite of tools is helping small businesses proactively manage their day-to-day banking needs, optimize cash flow, and ensure they have enough liquidity to support future growth, all in a seamless and easy to use platform. The solution enables business owners and managers to stay in control of their financial affairs anytime, anywhere as it is integrated into the bank’s online and mobile experience.

Givatayim’s Personetics is the leading provider of customer-facing AI solutions for financial services and the company behind the industry’s first Self-Driving Finance™ platform. Harnessing the power of AI, Personetics’ Self-Driving Finance™ solutions are used by the world’s largest financial institutions to transform digital banking into the center of the customer’s financial life – providing real-time personalized insight and advice, automating financial decisions, and simplifying day-to-day money management. Serving over 60 million bank customers worldwide, Personetics has the largest direct customer impact of any AI solution provider in banking today. (Personetics 16.10)

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9.5 Wes-Tex Chooses ECI and Edge Team to Upgrade Network Capabilities

ECI and Texas’ Edge Team Technology, the premier solutions provider for information infrastructure, security, and performance management, announced that they have been chosen by the Wes-Tex Telephone Cooperative, a leader in telecom services for western Texas, to upgrade the company’s optical and IP infrastructure to latest generation technologies which will serve them for years to come.

In this latest network upgrade, Wes-Tex was able to leverage its existing ECI infrastructure to modernize its legacy optical and IP networks. Wes-Tex chose to migrate to ECI’s Apollo optical solutions and Neptune packet solutions. These solutions were built to interwork seamlessly, and both are managed simply with ECI’s industry-leading network management system (NMS), which provides multi-layer, end-to-end network management through an intuitive, point-and-click user interface.

Petah Tikva’s ECI is a global provider of ELASTIC network solutions to CSPs, critical industries, and data center operators. With the advent of 5G, IoT, and smart everything, traffic demands are increasing dramatically, and network operators must make smart choices as they evolve their infrastructure. ECI’s Elastic Services Platform leverages our programmable packet and optical networking solutions, along with our service-driven software suite and virtualization capabilities, to provide a robust yet flexible solution for any application. (ECI Telecom 16.10)

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9.6 Foretellix Announces 200th Download of Its Open Scenario Description Language

Foretellix announced that 200 engineers from 130 companies and universities have now downloaded its recently opened Measurable Scenario Description Language (M-SDL). M-SDL is the first open language that addresses multiple shortcomings of today’s formats, languages, methods and metrics used to verify and validate ADAS and autonomous vehicles (AV), and address the industry mandate for ‘measurable safety.’ By opening and contributing M-SDL, tool vendors, suppliers and developers will be able to 1) use a common, human readable, high level language to simplify the capture, reuse and sharing of scenarios, 2) easily specify any mix of scenarios and operating conditions to identify previously unknown hazardous edge cases, and 3) monitor and measure the coverage of the autonomous functionality critical to prove AV safety, independent of tests and testing platforms.

Version 0.9 of the M-SDL specification was recently made available for registration, download and feedback from engineers evaluating and using the language. In the first month of industry availability, the number of downloads has reached 200. More specifically, 200 engineers downloaded the specification from 130 companies, regulatory bodies, universities, and research institutes. This includes 20 OEMs, Tier 1s and large dedicated AV developers.

Tel Aviv’s Foretellix was founded by a team of pioneers in measurable verification and validation, with a highly automated and proven coverage driven methodology broadly adopted in the semiconductor industry. They have adapted and tailored their approach for the safety verification and validation of autonomous vehicles. Foretellix’s mission is to enable ‘measurable safety’ of autonomous vehicles, enabled by a transition from ‘quantity of miles’ to ‘quality of coverage.’ Foretellix’s Foretify Technology includes an open, high level Measurable Scenario Description Language (M-SDL), intelligent and scalable automation, analytics and metrics. This includes the functional coverage metrics required to make a compelling ‘safety case’ to consumers, developers, insurance companies and regulators. (Foretellix 21.10)

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9.7 OriginGPS Unveils Dual Frequency GNSS Module with Broadcom’s L1+L5 Chip

OriginGPS announced its first dual-frequency GNSS module, the ORG4600-B01. This new module will enable customers to build solutions with sub-1m accuracy without implementing external components. Measuring just 10×10 mm, the ORG4600-B01 module supports L1 + L5 GNSS reception with one RF port, enabling the use of a low-cost, dual-band antenna delivering sub-1m accuracy performance in real-world operating conditions. An alternate build option allows for separate L1/L5 RF outputs when dual antennas are required. The ORG4600-B01 is ideally suited for solutions requiring ultra-accurate positioning, such as telematics, IoT and OBD applications.

Airport City’s OriginGPS develops fully-integrated, miniaturized GNSS, and integrated IoT solutions. The ultra-sensitive, reliable, high performance modules have the smallest footprint on the market. Our cellular IoT system, OriginIoT, was recently selected by the European Commission for funding from the Horizon 2020 project. The OriginIoT functions as a platform to accelerate IoT product development with open source software and no required embedded code, RF/hardware design. OriginGPS innovative products support a wide range of verticals, such as asset tracking, law enforcement, precision agriculture, consumer IoT, fleet management, smart cities, healthcare, industrial IoT, wearables and pet/people tracking. (OriginGPS 21.10)

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9.8 IoT Devices Can Now be Activated by Voice Commands – Even When Offline

With IoT in mind, the Onvego voice solution was made. Onvego’s voice assistant solution can run efficiently off-line, even on small CPUs. Moreover, the industrial environment is noisy by nature. Many people are often speaking in the vicinity of the device. The Onvego solution can identify one speaker voice from another, while disregarding the environmental noises in the background. In addition, the Onvego solution’s ability to run on private cloud, adds to its stringent security. The importance of voice solutions for IoT can be felt in everyday life. For example, it enables doctors to focus on patients, while leveraging different medical devices. It can also assist the elderly population to operate digital home appliances. Elderly people can usually say what they want the device to do, but they are sometimes unable to find the right buttons to make it work.

The Onvego voice solution already has customers and on-site implementations. It runs on both fixed and mobile devices. Additional capabilities include supporting different languages and accents, effective machine learning used for quick training in enterprise contents, as well as specific functions for building effective voice control and verbal dialogue if needed.

Onvego is a Tel Aviv-based AI technology startup company, specializing in the field of smart voice, speech and language processing. The development of the company’s technologies is based on AI algorithms and the company’s original ideas, created in recent years by its expert team. The huge growth of the IoT market, along with the productivity of voice-controlled interfaces are promising to contribute to the success of the IoT revolution of the 2020s. (Onvego 21.10)

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9.9 Polte and Altair Semiconductor Embed Location Services on Cellular IoT Chipset

Dallas, Texas’ Polte Corporation, a leading innovator in accurate Cloud Location over Cellular (C-LoC) technology, and Altair Semiconductor announced a collaboration to integrate Polte’s cellular-based location technology with Altair’s ALT1250 cellular IoT chipset. The ALT1250 is Altair’s dual-mode CAT-M& NB-IoT solution. It is the market’s smallest and most highly integrated commercially available cellular IoT chipset, featuring ultra-low power consumption, GNSS location positioning, a hardware-based security framework and an RF front-end supporting all commercial LTE bands. Enabling miniature module sizes of less than 100 square millimeters, the ALT1250 is ideally suited for a range of industrial and commercial IoT applications.

Hod HaSharon’s Altair Semiconductor, a Sony Group Company, is a leading provider of Cellular IoT chipsets. The company’s flagship ALT1250 is the smallest and most highly integrated LTE CAT-M and NB-IoT chipset, featuring ultra-low power consumption, hardware-based security, and a carrier-grade integrated SIM (iUICC), all 5G ready. (Polte 22.10)

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9.10 Newsight Imaging Launches the NSI1000 Sensor for Automotive Vision Applications

Newsight Imaging launched its first area sensor chip, the NSI1000, a game changing solution for machine vision, automotive, and industrial machine vision applications. The new chip, with samples available by the end of 2019, was specifically designed to support high‑volume and high-performance applications. Newsight Imaging has already started collaborating with selected customers specializing in automotive applications (multi‑channel Lidars for advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS), Driver Monitoring Systems (DMS), Smart Mirrors), and other high volume applications requiring accurate 3D face recognition but that does not violate user privacy. Parental controls for internet and television content is one example.

The NSI1000 chip, featuring up to 50,000 frames per second (on the line resolution), fully supports Newsight Imaging’s enhanced Time Of Flight (eTOF) technology that enables the customer to employ a low-power eye-safe laser, with a resolution of 1024X32 pixels, a multi-triangulation option and also supports line triangulation with a resolution of up to 2048 pixels. The chip is a full system, including 10 bit A2D, and Newsight’s hardware implemented features, such as auto-exposure and integrated peak detection hardware circuit. The chip can work in different modes, frame by frame, and change mode from range detector to a regular camera or to illumination sensor on-the-fly, simply by software programming.

Ness Ziona’s Newsight Imaging develops advanced CMOS image sensor chips that deliver 3D solutions for high‑volume markets. The chip’s sensor is manufactured using CMOS technology with ultra-high sensitivity pixels, replacing more expensive CCD sensors and other camera modules in LiDAR applications for robotics and automotive (ADAS and Car safety) applications as well as in other markets, such as mobile depth cameras, AR/VR, Industry 4.0 and barcode scanners. (Newsight Imaging 28.10)

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9.11 Secret Double Octopus Brings FIDO2 Passwordless Security to the Enterprise

Secret Double Octopus has received FIDO2 certification for its Octopus Authentication Server v4.0, including support for Active Directory on-premises. FIDO2 is a set of standards that enables easy and secure logins to websites and applications via biometrics, mobile devices and/or FIDO Security Keys. FIDO2’s simpler login experiences are backed by strong cryptographic security that is far superior to passwords, protecting users from phishing, all forms of password theft and replay attacks. Octopus Authentication Server introduces strong passwordless security across all enterprise use cases, assuring users never need to reset or memorize passwords. The new certified solution enables FIDO-based passwordless access to Workstations and servers, Active Directory resources, Cloud services and Single Sign On, Remote access (VPN & VDI) and Legacy Applications.

Tel Aviv’s Secret Double Octopus delights end users and security teams by replacing passwords across the enterprise with the simplicity and security of strong passwordless authentication. The company solution breaks the long-standing security paradigm, proving that organizations can have better security with a better user experience while reducing costs. (Secret Double Octopus 24.10)

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10.1 Israel’s CPI Fell by 0.2% in September

Israel’s Consumer Price Index (CPI) fell 0.2% in September, the Central Bureau of Statistics announced on 15 October. This was also in line with the prediction of the pundits. Over the past twelve months to the end of September, the index rose 0.3%, well below the government’s 1% – 3% annual inflation target range. Prices have risen by 0.6% since the beginning of 2019.

Fresh fruit and vegetables led the price rises last month, up 4.3% while culture and education prices fell 2.8%, transport prices fell 1.1% and food prices fell 0.6%. The housing price index resumed its rise. Home prices in the July-August period rose 0.1% in comparison with June-July. Home prices have risen 1.3% over the past year. (CBS 15.10)

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10.2 More Homes Being Built In Tel Aviv Than Any Other City in Israel

An investigation by Globes found that 13,000 housing units were built in Tel Aviv from July 2015 to June 2019, an average of 3,300 homes a year, making it the leader in Israeli construction by a wide margin. This is based on figures from the Central Bureau of Statistics. Tel Aviv leads Jerusalem, with 10,364 housing units. These were the only two cities where over 10,000 housing units were built during this period.

Construction in Tel Aviv was dominated by urban renewal projects in the eastern part of the city (neighborhood 9) and in the area of the new Central Bus Station (neighborhood 8), as well as new projects in Jaffa and the neighborhoods next to the Yarkon River. Housing starts in July 2018-June 2019 averaged 4,700, the most in at least the past 15 years. In third place after Tel Aviv and Jerusalem was Harish with 6,759 homes during the four-year period, caused by strong government backing and the allocation of discount homes for young people. Petah Tikva and Netanya, on the other hand, which experienced massive construction for many years, were relegated to 10th and 12th place, respectively in July 2015-June 2019.

One major cause of the shift in focus among contractors was the government’s Buyer Fixed Price Plan. Five of the 10 leading cities in construction were in the focus of this plan: Harish, Ashkelon, Rosh HaAyin, Beer Sheva and Rishon LeZion. The state has already been promoting construction in Ashkelon for over 10 years and in Rosh HaAyin for seven years: housing starts in the past four years have exceeded 6,000 in both of these cities, consisting mostly of discount housing for young couples.

Beer Sheva is another city of boom and bust in construction, depending on government policy. A thousand of housing units were added to the city early in the previous decade in the Neve Zeev and Ramot neighborhoods, leaving local developers with a serious problem of large excess supply. Land was again marketed for thousands of homes in recent years in the western and northern outskirts of the city, bringing the number of building starts to 5,500 in recent years. As in the past, marketing consisted of cheap housing and was aimed at young couples. (Globes 15.10)

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10.3 Israel Leads WEF Report in Entrepreneurship and Macroeconomic Stability

Israel stood firm in 20th place out of 141 economies in the World Economic Forum’s 2019-2020 Global Competitiveness Report published in October, retaining its spot from last year and once again securing the top rank for entrepreneurship and the embrace of disruptive ideas. Israel also ranked first for categories such as macroeconomic stability – minimizing its national economy’s vulnerability to the impact of any external shocks – companies’ innovative growth, R&D expenditures, and multi-stakeholder collaboration.

While Israel’s overall performance remains virtually unchanged from last year, the country has dropped four places from 16th place in the 2017-2018 report. It ranked 24th overall in 2016-2017. According to the WEF’s report, Israel is an innovation hub, ranking 15th on the Innovation capability pillar thanks to a well-developed ecosystem, and up from last year’s 16th place. Israel spends the most of any country on R&D (4.3% of GDP) and is where entrepreneurial culture is the strongest, the acceptance for entrepreneurial failure the highest, where companies embrace change the most, and where innovative companies grow the fastest.

In the WEF report, Israel ranked fourth for business dynamism, its second-highest-ranking under a category, which looks at entrepreneurial culture and the administrative requirements of running a business. Israel also received top marks for “attitudes toward entrepreneurial risk” and “growth of innovative companies,” which are all subcategories are business dynamism, and ranked first in the “companies embracing disruptive ideas” subcategory, up from the third spot last year. In its biggest improvement from last year, Israel placed first in the “credit gap” indicator in the stability pillar under the financial system category. Last year, Israel was 86th in the same subcategory.

Israel ranked second in the venture capital availability subcategory and “ease of finding skilled employees” as it did last year, coming in only behind the United States in that sub-pillar. Both factors support a flourishing and innovative private sector, the WEF report stated. The country can “rely on a highly-educated workforce, with an average of 13 years of schooling” (12th in ranking globally, down from nine last year), and a propensity for a population with digital skills (sixth spot). However, the market efficiency sub-category, where Israel ranked 32nd, suffers from a relative lack of competition and barriers to entry. Israel led the Middle East and North Africa region, with the highest overall score, followed by the United Arab Emirates (25th), Qatar (29th) and Saudi Arabia (36th). (NC 21.10)

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11.1 ISRAEL: Summary of Israeli High-Tech Company Capital Raising in 2019’s Third Quarter

The IVC Research Center and ZAG-S&W announced on 29 October that Israeli high-tech companies raised $2.24 billion in the third quarter of 2019, the highest quarterly amount since 2013. While the amount raised in Q3 kept pace with amounts raised in Q2/2019, deal numbers increased compared to the previous quarter (128 deals) and Q3/2018 (119 deals).

Chart 1: Israeli High-Tech Capital Raising Q1/2013–Q3/2019

Like previous quarters, in Q3/2019, IVC Research Center noted a high number of large deals, each over $50 million. These 13 large deals attracted 57% of the total capital raised this quarter.

The six largest Q3/19 deals totaled $841 million (over $100m each):

According to IVC’s findings, in Q3/2019, VC-backed deals raised $1.6 billion in 81 deals compared to $1.31 in 72 deals in Q3/2018. During the first three quarters of the year, VC-backed deals raised $4.68 billion, almost the same amount raised for all of 2018.

Revenue growth companies led capital raising in Q1–Q3/2019, with $2.58 billion in 48 deals, an increase of 65% in capital and 23% in number of deals from the annual figures of 2018, which was more favorable for companies at initial revenues stages.

Adv. Shmulik Zysman, Managing Partner & high-tech industry leader at Zysman, Aharoni, Gayer & Co. (ZAG-S&W), said: “As a former athlete, I know that once you reach first place, the real difficulty is holding on to it. After seeing record-breaking numbers in the previous quarter, the third quarter even surpassed it, with this year’s recruitment record breaking compared to every previous quarter. The record was recorded both for the Israeli funds whose total borrowing remains high and stable, and for the total capital, which climbed by 45% in the corresponding quarter last year and last quarter.”

According to Zysman: “The data suggests that changing investor preferences may constitute a warning sign previously pointed out by us – ‘less risky venture capital.’ The proportion of total capital invested in early-stage companies relative to the total capital invested has been declining over the past year, with the lowest rate recorded this quarter. In contrast to the first three quarters of 2018, the total capital raising of early-stage companies in the first three quarters of 2019 has been relatively stable. Therefore, we have hope that this is not an unequivocal trend but only a warning sign.”

Capital Raising by Stage

The number of deals in early stage maturity level (Seed and R&D) grew 30% compared to Q3/2018. The amount raised by revenue growth companies in Q1–Q3/2019 reached $3.26 billion in 63 deals. This was due mostly to the increase in the number of deals over $50 million in this stage—23 deals in the current period.

Chart 2 – Israeli High-Tech Capital Raising by Stage Q1/2013–Q3/2019

Capital Raising by Sector

As in previous quarters, the software sector continued to lead with almost $1.4 billion raised in 52 deals. This was due to 10 deals over $50 million each, which captured 73% of the total raised by software companies. Life sciences also attracted more capital in Q3, raising $350 million in 38 deals compared to $239 million in 29 deals in Q3/2018. Capital raising by Cleantech companies also grew in number of deals (10) and amount ($85 million).

Marianna Shapira, Research Director at IVC Research Center: “The increase in capital raising activity in Israel recorded during the first three quarters of 2019 is in line with the global trend in the high-tech industry. One notable trend expected to continue during the fourth quarter of this year is the rapid growth of fast-growing software companies, especially in the artificial intelligence and cyber verticals. According to IVC’s data, over the last five years there has been a continuous increase in capital raising and exits in these technology verticals, and more than 70% of active companies are in sales stages. Moreover, even though there has been no increase in the capital raising in the early stages, IVC expects the rate of funding for these companies might increase in the last quarter of this year, in accord with the trend observed in previous years.”

Israeli Venture Capital Funds

In Q3/2019, Israeli VC funds invested a total of $280 million in 56 deals (out of $1.02 billion raised in total by those deals). Most of the capital (49%), was invested in companies in the initial revenue stage.

Israeli VCs have accelerated their involvement in local companies in Q1–Q3/2019, with 267 investments, a growth of 18% compared to 226 investments in Q1–Q3/2018.


This survey reviewed capital raised by Israeli high-tech companies from Israeli and foreign venture capital funds as well as other sources, such as investment companies, corporate investors, incubators, and angels. The survey is based on reports from 482 investors, of which 58 were Israeli VC funds and 424 were other entities. The term “early stage” refers to high-tech companies in the Seed and R&D stages, not yet offering products to the market.

About the authors of this report:

IVC Research Center is the leading online provider of data and analysis on Israel’s high-tech & venture capital industries. Its information is used by key decision-makers, strategic and financial investors, government agencies, and academic and research institutions in Israel. IVC-Online Database ( showcases over 8,600 Israeli technology startups, and includes information on private companies, investors, venture capital and private equity funds, angel groups, incubators, accelerators, investment firms, professional service providers, investments, financings, exits, acquisitions, founders, key executives, and Multinational Corporations.

ZAG-S&W (Zysman, Aharoni, Gayer & Co.) is an international law firm with offices in Israel, the US, China and the UK. The firm’s attorneys specialize in all disciplines of commercial law for both publicly held and private companies, with particular expertise in hi-tech, life science, international transactions and capital markets. ZAG-S&W provides result-driven legal and business advice to its clients, addressing all aspects of the clients’ business activities, including penetration into new markets in strategic locations. (ZAG-S&W 29.10)

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11.2 LEBANON: IMF Executive Board Concludes 2019 Article IV Consultation with Lebanon

On 11 September 2019, the Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) concluded its 2019 Article IV consultation with Lebanon.

Lebanon’s economic growth slowed to around 0.3% in 2018 on the back of low confidence, high uncertainty, tight monetary policy and a substantial contraction in the real estate sector. Most high-frequency indicators point towards a continuation of weak growth in 2019. Inflation spiked to 6% in 2018, up from 4.5% in 2017, partly due to high prices of imported fuel but slowed down in the second half of the year and into 2019.

The headline fiscal deficit increased significantly, reaching 11% of GDP in 2018, up from 8.6% of GDP in 2017, partly due to an increase in the public sector salary scale and new hiring despite the hiring freeze. The budget approved by Parliament in July 2019 targets a deficit of 7.6% of GDP based on various revenue and expenditure measures. Staff estimates that the deficit will likely be higher due to optimistic assumptions in the budget about growth and the impact of revenue measures. Public debt is projected to increase to 155% of GDP by the end of 2019.

Deposit inflows, which finance Lebanon’s twin deficits, slowed down in 2018. The BdL has continued its financial operations to facilitate banks offering high returns on USD deposits, with the aim of attracting USD deposits to the banking sector and maintaining a high level of foreign reserves.

During 2018–19, the authorities have also taken some important structural measures. Parliament has approved a plan to reform the electricity sector in April 2019, which is expected to contribute to a reduction of the fiscal deficit over the medium term. Other laws approved include a code of commerce and a law on judicial intermediation. These and other planned reforms could encourage donor disbursements of concessional financing for the Capital Investment Plan (CIP) committed at CEDRE in April 2018.

Executive Board Assessment

Executive Directors agreed with the thrust of the staff appraisal. They acknowledged that Lebanon has shown unique resilience in the face of long-standing economic challenges, but noted that strong and steadfast efforts are critically needed to ensure macroeconomic stability against a difficult economic situation with high debt, twin deficits and a weak external position. Directors noted that the ongoing Syrian conflict has exacerbated Lebanon’s challenges. In this regard, they commended the authorities for their generous support in hosting the refugees and agreed that Lebanon needs continued international support.

Directors emphasized the need for a multi-year fiscal adjustment to reduce public debt to sustainable levels. While the approval of the 2019 budget by parliament is an important first step, Directors noted that achieving the authorities’ primary surplus goals and rebalancing the economy will require credible measures–both on the revenue and expenditure sides—and sustained implementation. They viewed that fiscal measures should include raising the VAT rate, broadening the tax base and removing exemptions, as well as increasing fuel excises and eliminating electricity subsidies. Directors noted that these measures should be complemented by a thorough expenditure review to achieve sustained fiscal savings. They noted that a successful implementation of the government’s Capital Investment Plan, financed on concessional terms, could help mitigate the contractionary effect of the adjustment on growth. To protect the most vulnerable people, Directors underscored the need for a stronger social safety net.

Directors commended the Banque du Liban (BdL) for maintaining financial stability while emphasizing the need to rebuild its financial strength. They encouraged the BdL to step back from quasi-fiscal operations, strengthen its balance sheet and require banks to build up their own buffers further. Directors highlighted the importance of implementing AML/CFT measures efficiently to continue to mitigate risks and ensure a positive MENA Financial Action Task Force assessment.

Directors noted that the fiscal adjustment effort needs to be complemented by fundamental structural reforms to raise growth and improve Lebanon’s fiscal and external position. While the approval of the new electricity sector plan and legislative process on the government’s CEDRE vision reforms are important first steps, they saw the need for decisive actions to remove growth bottlenecks and enable external adjustment in the context of the currency peg. Directors also called on the authorities to address governance weaknesses that increase Lebanon’s vulnerability to corruption. (IMF 17.10)

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11.3 LEBANON: The Mass Demonstrations in Lebanon – What Do They Portend?

Orna Mizrahi posted in INSS Insight No. 1218 on 25 October that the demonstrations throughout Lebanon recently erupted spontaneously and saw a full range of the population participating and calling on the leaders of all communities to form a new government and change the current order. The immediate trigger for the protest was a decision to impose a tax on WhatsApp calls; at the heart of the demonstrations, however, is the worsening economic situation and paralysis of a “unity government” hard-put to progress toward solutions that can improve the situation. The mass protest reflects the despair and exasperation with a corrupt leadership. On the other hand, there are signs that all components of the leadership, including Hezbollah, are not interested in changing the current system, and therefore supported a “recovery plan” that was hastily drafted by the cabinet. The plan entails placing the tax burden on the stronger socio-economic levels, but implementation is expected to be difficult. Clearly the public, which continues with the protests, has little faith in the plan. It is difficult to assess whether the protest will ebb soon or lead to the cabinet’s resignation or even to anarchy. It seems that Lebanon’s salvation can only be achieved with generous foreign aid, preferably from the West and from Gulf states so as to prevent Hezbollah and its patron, Iran, from assuming complete control over the country.

A popular protest erupted in Lebanon on 17 October 2019 on a scale unprecedented in recent years. Mass demonstrations grew steadily stronger in successive days, and have so far numbered between tens of thousands and hundreds of thousands of participants as they spread from Beirut to the country’s other principal cities. For now, the protests continue. The trigger for the demonstrations – in the sense of “the straw that broke the camel’s back” – was an unusual decision (rescinded immediately, one day after the protest erupted) to tax WhatsApp voice calls. This tax was meant to serve as one component in a network of new taxes in the framework of a 2020 budget that the cabinet is trying to advance, as it strives to meet international demands for reform so Lebanon will be eligible to receive $11 billion in loans for investment in national projects that were pledged at an April 2018 conference in Paris and have yet to be delivered.

The current protest is highly distinctive in its emergence as a spontaneous outpouring bereft of sectarian flavor that has drawn in citizens from all parts of society, and from all faiths and sectors, in a shared call for the resignation of the cabinet and a change of the current order. Significantly, the demonstrators have directed their calls at all facets of the leadership: the Christian President, Michel Aoun; the Shiite speaker of parliament, Nabih Berri; and the Muslim Prime Minister, Saad al-Hariri. There have also been calls directed against Hezbollah.

This mass protest reflects the despair among the Lebanese public at a difficult economic situation and low living standards; exasperation with a corrupt leadership comprising old elites from all confessional groups that look out only for their own interests; and a dearth of trust in the current government’s ability to devise solutions to improve the situation. Protest events have not been free of violence, both by demonstrators (with the burning of tires and disruption of routine life) and by security forces (with the use of tear gas and arrest of demonstrators), yet as the scale of participation has broadened, so have the streets been flooded with Lebanese flag-waving crowds. The protest has become a national celebration evincing hope for better lives. The essence of the protest was captured by a sign waved by one participant, “I fight to live.”

Core Reasons for the Protest

Over the past decade, Lebanon’s citizens have suffered deteriorating living standards given a worsening economic situation. Lebanon is in a deep economic crisis: its foreign debt is approximately $85 billion, and it is on the verge of bankruptcy (Fitch recently downgraded Lebanon’s credit rating to CCC); Lebanese unemployment is high (young people make up some 36% of the unemployed); national infrastructures are run down, and there are serious electricity and water shortages; and national institutions, including the justice system and security apparatus, are tainted by chronic corruption. Lebanon has also suffered consequences from the civil war in Syria, mainly the burden of hosting some 1.5 million Syrian refugees, which together with the established Palestinians make up around a quarter of the population.

In parallel, the government apparatus is not functional. Hariri, the Sunni Prime Minister, may have succeeded in forming a “unity government” in early 2019 after a protracted (eight months long) post-election political crisis, but he is hard-put to function and advance decisions because of the composition of the current cabinet, which features an oppositional bloc made up of his rivals: Aoun, who joined forces with Shiite representatives from the Amal movement and Hezbollah organization. Another contributing factor has been Hezbollah’s ongoing strength within the Lebanese political system and the organization’s ability to influence and paralyze the decision making process in accordance with its interests. Hezbollah’s incorporation in the government has also had economic ramifications. On the one hand, it enables Hezbollah to divert the budgets of government ministries under its control for its needs, with the general population bearing the cost, and on the other hand, the impact of sanctions against it, which have been significantly broadened over the last year, also trickles down to the Lebanese economy. Nevertheless, demonstrators are reluctant to blame the organization, which nowadays constitutes the semi-military force in the country.

The Response by the Leadership

The spontaneous outbreak of the protest drew a quick response from the leadership, which appears to have been frightened by the potential consequences of the events. Preliminary statements by representatives of the various parties suggest that current leaders are eager to preserve the existing order so as not to harm their assets. Prime Minister Hariri was the first to respond publicly: on 18 October, a day after the outbreak, he called on his government partners to enable him to fix the situation, while hinting at his possible resignation within 72 hours if they did not cooperate. Nasrallah, for his part, opted for statesmanship, urging the demonstrators in a 19 October speech to act responsibly. Nasrallah explained that a cabinet resignation would worsen the situation rather than solve Lebanon’s problems, and called to repair the economic plight. At this stage he has avoided dispatching his operatives to the streets to put down the demonstrations (except for an isolated show of force by Hezbollah men who clashed with Lebanese security personnel on 21 October). For his part, Foreign Minister Gebran Bassil (President Aoun’s son-in-law) argued that the current system represents political consensus and that any change would lead to anarchy.

This convergence of interests to preserve the existing system enabled Prime Minister Hariri to secure speedy cabinet passage on 20 October for a far ranging “recovery plan” that evinces government attentiveness to demonstrators’ demands. The plan hinges on shifting the tax burden from the weaker layers of society to the more established and advancing steps for improving the welfare of the population. The plan includes a 50% cut in the wages of the senior figures, including past and present ministers and lawmakers; a 25% tariff on bank and insurance firm revenues; $3 billion from the banks earmarked for public benefit projects; dismantlement of unnecessary government ministries; upgrade of the electrical grid; cancellation of planned taxation on the disadvantaged population; and promotion of a plan for guaranteed income for the elderly. Hariri cast the plan as an “economic revolution,” yet while it is indeed an ambitious plan, the government can be expected to be hard pressed to implement it.

What Lies Ahead?

At this stage, with the demonstrations continuing, it is hard to assess whether government pledges of deep-set reform will cool temperaments, or if this will prove to be a case of “too little, too late,” with persisting protests compelling the cabinet to resign. A cabinet resignation would presumably not augur thorough change, but rather, would lead once more to deadlock and instability within the political system. A more pessimistic view argues that Lebanon is even liable to fall into a state of anarchy. The possibility of developments along this vector present Hezbollah, which is eager to preserve the current situation that allows it, as a proxy of Iran, to focus on leading the “resistance” against Israel, with the dilemma of whether to resort to force in reining in the demonstrations, a move liable to mire it in problems within the Lebanese sphere and which it presumably wants to avoid entirely. Lebanon can apparently be salvaged only if it secures generous foreign aid for stabilizing its economy, which preferably would come from the West and Gulf states so as to prevent Hezbollah and its patron, Iran, from assuming complete control over the country. As far as Israel is concerned, Hezbollah can be expected to be preoccupied with the internal Lebanese issues in the near term and thus less free to pursue actions against it. But in the longer term, an undermining of internal stability in Lebanon will create risks for Israel, especially if Hezbollah continues to gain strength. (INSS 25.10)

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11.4 UAE: Putin’s Visit Draws the UAE & Russia Closer

Yury Barmin noted on 17 October in Al-Monitor that the UAE’s welcoming ceremony for Putin outperformed that of the Saudis, but this is not the only reason why the Russian president left Abu Dhabi happy.

Vladimir Putin’s recent visit to the Gulf Cooperation Council represented a pinnacle of Russia’s growing role in the Middle East in recent years. But while all eyes were on the Russian president’s two-day stay in Saudi Arabia, it was his short trip to the United Arab Emirates afterward that demonstrated the full magnitude of Russia’s prestige in the region and the depth of the relationship between the two countries.

From the moment Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan greeted Putin at the airport, it was clear that the Russian delegation would get a truly royal treatment in Abu Dhabi. From the sky that was painted in the colors of the Russian flag by Emirati aircraft to the traffic police cars that accompanied Putin’s limousine having been repainted to resemble Russian police vehicle, everything was made to impress the Russian delegation and demonstrate the kind of exclusivity the Emiratis attach to the relationship with Russia.

While Russia and Saudi Arabia are making initial steps to build stronger economic ties, the Russian-Emirati partnership looks exemplary. Last year, Moscow and Abu Dhabi signed the Declaration on Strategic Partnership, a document that sets out goals for bilateral cooperation in various areas, from investment and oil market cooperation to combating terrorism.

The UAE is the largest trading partner for Moscow in the Gulf Cooperation Council, with the trade balance reaching $1.7 billion in 2018. Close to 1 million Russian tourists visited the UAE last year, spending $1.3 billion in the country, which puts Russians among the top vacation spenders there. A number of Russian oil companies have maintained presence in the country pursuing joint projects with Emirati counterparts: Gazprom Neft and Mubadala Petroleum develop fields in Siberia, while Lukoil was awarded a 5% gas concession by the Abu Dhabi National Oil Co. in the UAE.

During Putin’s visit, the two sides signed deals worth a total of $1.4 billion. Putin said Russia and the UAE signed five cooperation agreements and explored new cooperation opportunities in artificial intelligence development and telecom and for supplying Russian aircraft and helicopters to the UAE. It should be noted that the two countries announced a program to develop a next-generation fighter jet for the UAE air force in early 2017, but the project does not seem to have progressed since.

While trade continues to be the backbone of the Russian – UAE relations, Emirati investment in Russia is still modest, which reflects the conservative character of UAE investment policies as well as the risks associated with investment in Russia. Speaking to his counterpart in Abu Dhabi, Putin lauded the partnership between the Russian Direct Investment Fund and Mubadala, UAE’s sovereign wealth fund, under which they have jointly invested $2.3 billion. Industry insiders, however, express a great deal of skepticism about the partnership because since the joint initiative was created in 2013, the two have managed to allocate only one-third of the $7 billion that is up for investment.

Even if Russia is seen as a risky market to invest in, Abu Dhabi rulers know very well how to make calculated and strategic investments in Russia to win Putin’s favor. In his opening speech at the meeting with representatives of Russian and UAE business circles, Putin welcomed Emirati Tawazun Holding’s decision to take a 36% stake in the Russian luxury car maker Aurus, Putin’s pet project.

While a positive business agenda was at the center of Putin’s trip to the UAE, there is a strong convergence between the two countries in politics. In welcoming the Russian president, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed said he considers Russia to be his second home, which likely reflects the frequency of the crown prince’s visits to Russia, as well as his personal chemistry with Putin and the head of the Chechen Republic, Ramzan Kadyrov.

The UAE nickname “Little Sparta,” coined by American generals, likely resonates with the Russian leadership too. While Moscow and Abu Dhabi find themselves on opposite sides on a number of issues such as the role of Iran in Syria, there appears to be a lot of coordination on foreign policy issues between the two governments behind the scenes. When the infamous Seychelles meeting between Kirill Dmitriev, the head of the Russian Direct Investment Fund who is believed to be one of the central figures in forging the Russia-UAE alliance, and Erik Prince became known to the public, it was shocking to many how deep and elaborate ties between Moscow and Abu Dhabi actually are.

Moscow finds in the UAE leadership an avid supporter of secular militaristic regimes in the Middle East, which Russia itself heavily banks on. In Libya, Sudan and Yemen, both Russia and the UAE find themselves backing the same forces and oftentimes working together to prop them up.

Libya is a case in point. While formally Russia does not express support for any of the parties to the conflict there, throughout the past two years it has been printing cash for the parallel Central Bank in Al Bayda (controlled by strongman Khalifa Hifter); the money was delivered to eastern Libya in cargo jets chartered through the UAE. Earlier in 2019, a Russian cargo airline company reportedly started making deliveries of Emirati-purchased weapons in the interest of Hifter.

However, the true value of Russia as a contributing factor to UAE’s foreign policy is not Libya, or Yemen, where Moscow and Abu Dhabi seem to gravitate to the Southern Transitional Council, but in Syria. It is highly unlikely that the UAE would have decided to reopen its embassy in Damascus in December 2017 had it not been for Moscow’s clout in Syria and its ability to balance Iran; this gave Russia a further step forward when it came to the legitimization of the Assad government in the Arab world.

Yury Barmin, an analyst of Russia’s foreign policy in the Middle East, is a MENA expert at the Russian International Affairs Council. (Al-Monitor 17.10)

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11.5 OMAN: Oman Ratings Affirmed At ‘BB/B’; Outlook Negative

On 18 October, S&P Global Ratings affirmed its ‘BB/B’ long- and short-term foreign and local currency sovereign credit ratings on Oman. The outlook is negative.


The negative outlook reflects the risk that in the absence of substantial fiscal measures to curtail the government deficit, or a more favorable external environment, fiscal and external buffers will continue to erode. We could lower our ratings on Oman over the next six-12 months if we view the government as unable to contain external debt accumulation related to still-sizable fiscal deficits, which we expect will continue to increase through 2022.

We could also consider a downgrade if the government’s funding costs increase beyond our expectations, or if funding pressures rise, with sizable external debt maturities currently scheduled for 2021 and 2022.

We could revise the outlook to stable if Oman is able to demonstrate a sustainable reduction in its accumulation of external debt, for example through fiscal adjustment measures or via privatization of significant state-owned enterprises (SOEs) and assets. We could also revise the outlook to stable if economic growth prospects are significantly stronger than we currently anticipate.

We are affirming the ratings because the government’s recent policy actions, including the introduction of a new National Program for Fiscal Balance (Tawazun), could present an opportunity to fast track fiscal consolidation by cutting spending and improving revenue collection. Depending on how the Tawazun program’s concrete measures and implementation timelines progress over the coming months, fiscal pressure may reduce in the medium term. The near-term planned privatization of two SOEs could also provide some temporary fiscal relief.

The negative outlook, however, reflects our view that the pace and scope of planned fiscal measures could continue to be insufficient to stem deterioration in the government’s balance sheet and curb rising external debt. The sharp fall in oil prices over 2014-2016 and only modest recovery since has led to a significant deterioration in Oman’s GDP per capita and its fiscal and external metrics, similar to some other large oil exporters. The government has made some strides toward diversification away from hydrocarbon receipts, but we forecast that fiscal deficits will remain high against a backdrop of weak oil prices.

The ratings on Oman are supported by the sovereign’s still-modest net government debt stock levels of 0.4% in 2019, which is underpinned by relatively strong liquid government asset stocks estimated at about 50% of GDP. The ratings also reflect our view that timely support from neighboring countries in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) would likely be forthcoming, if needed; for example, in the event of a significant deterioration in the external reserves that, in our view, support the Omani rial’s peg to the U.S. dollar.

Our view of Oman’s creditworthiness is constrained, however, by the concentrated nature of the economy – Oman derives about 35% of GDP, 60% of exports and 70% of fiscal receipts from hydrocarbon products. Given this high reliance on the hydrocarbon sector, we view Oman’s economy as undiversified and subject to global oil industry dynamics. We also view monetary policy flexibility as low, given the currency peg, although we note that it has provided a stable anchor for the economy for several decades.

Flexibility and performance profile: Large fiscal and external deficits continue to erode Oman’s external creditor and government asset positions

  • • We expect high fiscal deficits will lead to an average change in net general government debt of 6.6% of GDP over the next four years, without additional fiscal adjustment relative to our base case.
  • • The government will continue to finance its funding needs predominantly via the issuance of foreign currency debt, with the remainder financed by asset drawdowns and privatizations. Domestic issuances will remain low, due to the relatively small size of the domestic market.
  • • We expect Oman will maintain its currency peg in the medium term, supported by external buffers.

This year so far, Omani crude oil prices have remained relatively stable compared with the same period in the previous year, at $65.2 per barrel (/bbl). We forecast that Brent oil prices will average $60/bbl for the rest of 2019, which means average prices for 2019 year will be slightly lower than in 2018 (when Omani crude oil prices averaged $67/bbl). We also assume that oil prices will continue to remain under pressure, falling to an average of $60/bbl in 2020, and then to $55/bbl thereafter.

Given the predominance of hydrocarbon revenues, our forecasts for Oman’s fiscal deficits are significantly affected by the trends in our oil price and production assumptions. We expect the fiscal deficit will slightly reduce to 8.4% of GDP in 2019, from 8.7% in 2018. This is lower than our previous 2019 estimate of 10.7% and partly reflects the government’s inclusion of one-off privatization proceeds in fiscal revenue (instead of below the line accounting) from partial sale of the Khazzan field (10% stake) to Malaysia’s Petronas and a gas pipeline to Oman Gas Company.

The government has taken a very cautious approach to fiscal reforms and aims to achieve a phased reduction in deficits, while maintaining socioeconomic stability. The government formed the Tawazun program, which will report to a high-level ministerial body, with a clear mandate to streamline and fast track fiscal measures. The key focus of the program includes reducing current spending and assessing and prioritizing capital projects, introducing the value added tax (VAT), improving collections from existing taxes, and privatizing SOEs at the holding company level. The program is expected to assist in stemming the fiscal decline over the medium term.

We forecast that Oman’s annual average increase in net general government debt – which is our preferred fiscal metric because in most cases it more accurately captures the fiscal stance than the official deficit – will remain high, averaging 6.6% of GDP over 2019-2022. We include estimated privatization proceeds of $1 billion from two energy companies into our fiscal and foreign direct investment forecasts for 2020. The fiscal gains however will be largely offset by the expected delay of the VAT implementation to 2021 from 2020.

We forecast that gross general government debt will increase to almost 56% of GDP in 2019, up from less than 5% in 2014, and will continue rising to about 71% by 2022. The share of foreign currency denominated debt predominantly held by nonresidents is high, at above 80% of total debt as of August 2019. In our view, the debt structure and servicing profile is vulnerable to a sharp decline in foreign investor confidence in Oman. Disproportionately large external debt maturities loom in 2021 ($4.3 billion) and 2022 ($6.4 billion), which could add significant pressure to foreign exchange reserves if the debt is not rolled over.

The authorities have begun to amass funds in the Petroleum Reserve Fund (PRF) for future debt repayment. The PRF held assets of about $2.3 billion at end-August 2019, which form part of the central bank’s gross foreign exchange reserves. We note that the transfers to PRF from oil revenue overstate the fiscal deficit. According to the government, these transfers will amount to about 1% of GDP in 2019.

High fiscal pressure since the drop in oil prices has eroded Oman’s once-strong asset position, and we estimate that Oman’s net (of liquid assets) general government position will turn from a net asset position to a net debt position in 2019. We project an increase in the net general government debt position to about 21% by end-2022, from the 5% net asset position recorded at end-2018.

In spite of the interest rate cuts in the U.S. in 2019, the risk premium for Omani external debt has increased. Oman issued Eurobonds of $3 billion in July 2019, with 5.5-year bonds priced at 4.95% and 10-year bonds priced at 6%. While this was lower than initial pricing guidance, the coupon rates were higher than those of similar rated peers, and of lower-rated sovereigns such as Bahrain. We expect funding costs will remain high as more debt maturities are refinanced in coming years. In the absence of a credible fiscal adjustment plan to stabilize the debt stock, we anticipate that interest costs (as a percentage of revenue) will continue to rise, reaching 10.5% in 2022.

Last year, Oman managed to post a current account deficit of 5.4% of GDP, its lowest since 2014, primarily due to higher commodity prices but also due to the expansion of gas exports and non-oil exports. Over 2019-2022, we expect higher current account deficits averaging about 8% of GDP will lead to gross external financing needs of about 132% of current account receipts and usable reserves on average. This is an elevated level of external liquidity needs. Although we expect a steady increase in gas production, we note that the majority will be required to meet the strong domestic demand rather than for exports. We expect, however, that the deterioration in the current account deficits will be curbed to some extent by growth in tourism and nonhydrocarbon exports including base metals, chemical products, and minerals.

Large external deficits turned Oman’s net external creditor position (at the country level) to a net debtor in 2017. As a result of the large external financing needs, we expect that the country’s external debt will exceed liquid external assets by about 54% of current account receipts in 2022.

We assess the Omani government’s contingent liabilities as limited. However, we note that SOEs including Oman Refineries and Petrochemical Co., Oman Electricity Holding Co., Oman Oil Co., and Oman Air have ramped up external borrowing in recent years as direct government financial support has declined. Total SOE debt stood at 28% of GDP in June 2019.

We classify Oman’s banking sector in group ‘6’ under our Banking Industry Country Risk Assessment methodology, with group ‘1’ indicating the lowest risk and ’10’ the highest. We expect the ongoing price correction in the domestic property markets and high household debt levels will increase credit risks for Omani banks. We also continue to believe that system wide funding may deteriorate if we see a significant weakness in government deposits, which account for more than one-third of the country’s bank deposits. Nonetheless, banks remain well capitalized and have relatively limited reliance on external funding.

In our view, monetary policy flexibility is limited because the rial is pegged to the U.S. dollar. That said, the peg has provided a stable anchor for the economy, particularly because contracts for oil, Oman’s main export, are typically priced in dollars. We expect the peg will be maintained over the medium term. The transmission of monetary policy is constrained by Oman’s relatively small and underdeveloped capital market, although we view the recent commitment to build a local currency bond market as a positive development, supporting the growth of local debt and sukuk issuance over the next four years. Any rise in interest rates in advanced markets will place pressure on interest rates locally as the Central Bank of Oman (CBO) refinancing rate maintains a consistent spread over LIBOR. Inflation has averaged under 1% over the five years to 2018. However, the implementation of tax measures, including VAT, could result in some modest inflationary pressure over the coming years.

Institutional and economic profile: Significant new gas production, along with non-oil sector prospects will support growth momentum

  • • We expect rising oil and gas production from 2020, and non-oil sector growth will drive real GDP growth of 2.4% on average over 2020-2022.
  • • The country’s institutions are relatively underdeveloped, in our view, with untested succession processes.
  • • We expect Oman’s foreign policy will remain broadly neutral, and we expect limited spillover to Oman from regional geopolitical conflicts.

We expect low real GDP growth in Oman of 0.5% in 2019, mainly due to the ongoing voluntary participation in the OPEC agreement to limit oil production until March 2020, as well as continued contraction in construction activity. From 2020, we expect crude oil production will gradually increase to close to 1.1 million barrels per day (bpd) by 2022, from about 0.97 million bpd in 2019. We also assume that gas production will expand, with new production coming on stream from the Khazzan II field in 2021 and the Mabrouk field in the medium term, beyond our forecast horizon. Higher gas production will in turn support the expansion of petrochemicals, power generation, and enhanced oil recovery projects. Nonhydrocarbon growth prospects could be supported by Oman’s diversification strategy, with considerable investment in recent years in tourism, logistics, manufacturing, and renewable energy.

While Oman has relatively high GDP per capita levels, estimated at $17,000 in 2019, real GDP per capita growth remains well below peers’ at similar income levels. Including our growth forecasts through 2022, 10-year weighted-average real GDP per capita is expected to increase by only about 0.2%. Population growth has historically been high due to immigration. However, we note that this has recently moderated due to the shrinking construction sector and the government’s restrictions on expatriate labor in line with Omanization (replacing expatriates with Omanis) efforts.

We view decision-making as centralized in Oman, and succession risks reduce the predictability of future policy responses. Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al Said has been in power since 1970. He holds the offices of prime minister, chief of staff of the armed forces, minister of defense, finance and foreign affairs, and chairperson of the board of governors of the CBO. The Council of Oman reviews draft laws and provides opinions on matters referred to by the Sultan or the Council of Ministers. All members of the state council are appointed directly by the Sultan, while the consultative council is democratically elected. In 2011, the Sultan granted legislative and monitoring powers to the consultative council. The next elections are in late October 2019, which partly explains the delay in the VAT implementation.

Geopolitical tensions in the region are likely to persist due to ongoing tensions between several GCC countries and Iran, the ongoing war in Yemen and the boycott of Qatar by Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt since June 2017. Oman has traditionally taken a largely neutral position in regional conflicts and continues to play the role of mediator. We note that regional tensions have increased trade activity in countries that have remained neutral in these disputes. However, this cannot be assured in the future. (S&P 18.10)

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11.6 SAUDI ARABIA: Expectation Gap Clouds Saudi Arabia’s Investment Climate

Robert Mogielnicki posted on 28 October at the Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington that global investors’ interest in Saudi Arabia’s ambitious economic transformation hinges ‎on their ability to secure lucrative commercial opportunities in the country.

Saudi officials hosted government leaders and business executives at the Future ‎Investment Initiative conference in Riyadh on 29 – 31 October. Yet there is a growing ‎disconnect between the expectations of Saudi Arabia’s government and the interests ‎motivating the global investment community. Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin ‎Salman reportedly seeks a $2 trillion valuation of Saudi Aramco for its anticipated ‎initial public offering, whereas some analysts and observers have suggested that the ‎company’s actual value could be as low as $1.1 trillion or $1.2 trillion. Major attacks on ‎Aramco facilities in September presented a justifiable excuse for delaying the process, ‎but Saudi officials nevertheless pushed onward. In spite of this effort, uncertain investor ‎confidence and an inability to secure anchor investors appear to have further delayed the ‎listing of the energy giant until after the reporting of third-quarter results.‎

A broader expectation gap has widened since 2016, when the young crown prince ‎charmed tech titans and hedge fund managers with a bold vision for the future of his ‎hydrocarbon-dependent country. Initial excitement subsided following a series of ‎political and economic crises, both domestic and regional. Multinational firms are ‎ultimately profit driven, and consequently commercial interest in Vision 2030 hinges on ‎their ability to secure lucrative contracts in the country. The International Monetary ‎Fund slashed Saudi Arabia’s 2019 growth forecast to a mere 0.2%, denting the country’s ‎attractiveness as a destination for global capital. Without substantial buy-in from ‎foreign investors, government expenditures must power the engines of Vision 2030 and ‎its 13 Vision Realization Programs. With benchmark Brent crude trading around $60 ‎per barrel, it will be difficult for Saudi Arabia to balance its 2019 budget, which ‎requires prices closer to $80-$85, according to IMF officials.‎

Foreign direct investment trends in Saudi Arabia do not look promising. Over the past ‎decade, net inflows of FDI have steadily declined from $39.5 billion in 2008 to $4.2 ‎billion in 2018. Meanwhile, net outflows of FDI increased slowly over the same period, ‎with the exception of 2018, when outflows spiked from around $7.3 billion to nearly ‎‎$23 billion. The National Transformation Program sets a minimal goal of attracting FDI ‎inflows equivalent to 1.46% of gross domestic product by 2020, from a baseline of 1.3% ‎in 2016. Given that this ratio stood at 0.54% in 2018, even this conservative target will ‎be a challenge to meet.‎

Saudi Arabia’s annual Future Investment Initiative conference is intended to showcase ‎the country’s thought leadership and flagship commercial initiatives for a global ‎audience of government officials, investors and innovators. Yet the killing of Jamal ‎Khashoggi prior to the 2018 conference led several Western businesspeople to stay ‎away. For many business leaders, the optics of attending the glitzy event, known as ‎‎“Davos in the Desert,” this October still poses reputational risks. As this year’s ‎conference revolves around three tech-focused themes, the absence of top brass from ‎U.S. and European technology firms would be noticed, although plenty of senior-level ‎meetings between U.S. and European tech firms and Saudi government and private-‎sector actors are likely to take place on the sidelines of the event.

That said, a number of prominent figures have confirmed their attendance. Presidential ‎advisor Jared Kushner and Secretary of the Treasury Steven Mnuchin will lead a U.S. ‎delegation to the conference. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi will likewise attend ‎the event and deliver a keynote address. As part of his visit, Modi aims to sign an ‎agreement over the Strategic Partnership Council – a mechanism for monitoring the ‎strategic partnership between the two countries. He also intends to launch the RuPay ‎card system, a card payment scheme launched by the National Payments Corporation of ‎India, in Saudi Arabia. However, neither conference attendance nor the number of ‎commercial agreements signed at the conference serve as an accurate reflection of the ‎country’s investment environment. The 2018 Future Investment Initiative conference ‎concluded with a reported $56 billion worth of commercial deals. However, deals ‎signed with Saudi Aramco accounted for about $34 billion of this total, which included ‎memorandums of understanding and pre-planned agreements.‎

Wealthy Saudi citizens represent another potential pool of investors. Riyadh has ‎strongly encouraged wealthy Saudi families to invest in major government initiatives, ‎such as the Aramco IPO and other development projects. These developments can be ‎viewed as well-intentioned government efforts to shift some distributive responsibility ‎away from the public sector or as a means of coercing local investment – reflecting ‎another example of an expectation gap. Tapping a pot of pliable domestic capital can ‎partially supplement fickle FDI inflows, yet there is a limit. Value-added tax, subsidy ‎reductions, strict Saudization regulations, and fees related to expatriate employees have ‎cut into profits for many Saudi-based firms. The Saudi Shura Council requested a freeze ‎on expatriate-related fees until a study can be conducted.‎

There is some cause for optimism. Saudi Arabia ranked as one of this year’s top 10 ‎global business climate improvers, according to the World Bank Group, with the ‎country’s largest strides relating to starting a business. The Saudi Arabian General ‎Investment Authority licensed 8,442 foreign companies in 2018, a slight improvement ‎from the 7,911 it licensed in 2017. Multinational firms are finding opportunities in ‎sectors heavily promoted by the government, such as technology and tourism. In ‎September, Nokia signed an agreement with the Saudi Ministry of Communications and ‎Information Technology to launch a global software and support center, while Oracle ‎announced plans to open two new data centers in the country. Deloitte opened the firm’s ‎first Middle East-based digital center in Riyadh earlier in October. Hyatt expects to ‎double the number of its hotels in Saudi Arabia by 2023, and India-based OYO Hotels & ‎Homes will invest $1 billion to expand its Saudi operations.‎

Beyond the Future Investment Initiative, Saudi Arabia will host the G-20 summit in ‎‎2020 in Riyadh. World leaders are unlikely to miss this event, and the occasion gives ‎Saudi Arabia a year of breathing room to advance key development initiatives and ‎economic reform agendas. In the meantime, the government may need to adjust its ‎expectations surrounding the willingness of international and local investors to foot the ‎bill for an increasingly expensive economic transformation.‎

Robert Mogielnicki is a resident scholar at the Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington. ‎‎(AGSIW 28.10)‎

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11.7 TURKEY: Turkey-China Economic Cooperation on the Rise

Metin Gurcan posted in Al-Monitor on 23 October that Turkey has a special place in China’s Belt and Road initiative, as confirmed by the increase in Chinese direct investment in Turkey.

As the relationship between Turkey and the United States is going through turbulent times, Ankara’s ties with Beijing, Washington’s economic foe, are unmistakably growing. Chinese diplomatic missions in Turkey celebrated the 70th anniversary of Communist rule on 1 October with unusually high-profile receptions in Ankara and Istanbul. The event organized in Istanbul’s iconic Ciragan Palace was particularly remarkable, making headlines in the Turkish press.

The celebrations indicate Beijing attaches more significance to its diplomatic and economic ties with Ankara at a time of massive influx of Chinese capital into Turkey, which plays a pivotal role in China’s Belt and Road initiative — a multi-nation trade project Beijing designed to strengthen its position in the global economy. Direct Chinese investments in Turkey are expected to double by the end of 2019 and exceed $4 billion. Cui Wei, the Chinese consul general in Istanbul, affirmed the trend, telling the Turkish media there will be a huge leap in the mutual trade.

As part of efforts to boost bilateral trade, Wei said Chinese companies will continue their investments in several areas, including infrastructure, energy, mining, telecommunication, information technologies, agriculture and health. The current trade volume between the two countries is more than $23 billion, with Chinese exports to Turkey totaling $21 billion.

Chinese banks are also gaining sway in the Turkish financial system. China’s central bank transferred $1 billion worth of funds to Turkey in August, Bloomberg reported. This represents the largest amount Turkey has gotten from China under the lira-yuan swap agreement with Beijing in 2012.

Turkish banks’ presence in China is also increasing with the top Turkish lenders including Isbank, Akbank and Garanti opening branches in China. Turkey’s state lender Ziraat Bank signed a credit deal worth $600 million with China Development Bank in 2017 to provide loan guarantees to Chinese companies. In March, Turkey’s Eximbank signed a credit deal worth $350 million with the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC). In September, China’s Eximbank issued a $140 million loan to Turkey’s state lender Vakifbank to be used in the bilateral trade.

China also eyes crucial facilities in Turkey, such as ports, power plants and terminals. A Chinese consortium paid little less than $1 billion to buy a 65% stake in a Turkish container terminal, Kumport, in Istanbul, in 2015. The terminal will serve as a door to Turkish markets for Chinese goods.

After this step, the flow of Chinese infrastructure loans in Turkey also sped up. Turkey’s Banking Regulation and Supervision Agency granted operation licenses to Bank of China and ICBC for their activities in Turkey. The ICBC is one of the largest banks in China and had bought a 75% stake in Turkey’s Tekstilbank in 2015. In July 2018, The ICBC issued a $3.6 billion finance package for Turkey’s energy and transportation sectors; $1.2 billion of the loan was used to expand the capacity of two underground natural gas storage facilities in Turkey.

Energy is another realm where cooperation grows. A Chinese enterprise paid $1.7 billion to finance the construction of a coal plant near Turkey’s Mediterranean province of Adana. The plant, which is currently under construction, represents China’s largest direct investment in Turkey, China’s state-owned Xinhua news agency reported. China’s latest venture is to build a hospital chain in Turkey’s major cities that will offer traditional Chinese medicine treatments along with modern medicine.

But what significance does Turkey have for China’s Belt and Road initiative? According to experts, there are three key factors: Turkey’s proximity to Europe, a qualified workforce and a geostrategic location facilitating access to the Middle East and North Africa.

Altay Atli, head of the Istanbul-based consulting firm Atli Global, agrees that Turkey’s location serves well for the Belt and Road initiative. Atli said Beijing is planning to begin manufacturing in Turkey and set up a nonstop trade line between Turkey and Europe. “China’s investments in Turkey’s infrastructure are important for the Belt and Road, because China is trying to set up a logistics network in the eastern Mediterranean,” Atli told Al-Monitor. “It is also closely following developments in the Middle East looking out for reconstruction opportunities in the postwar region (Syria).”

Atli also highlights that China makes similar investments in other countries signed up for the Belt and Road and that Turkey’s share in the total is relatively small. As China’s engagement with conflict-ridden regions, including the Middle East, widens, maintaining its long-standing policy to stay neutral in regional political conflicts becomes a challenge for Beijing. “Nevertheless, it still avoids directly taking sides, it establishes dialogue with all parties,” Atli said.

Thus, Chinese investments in Turkey have also political dimensions. First, Beijing is seeking to find some common ground with Ankara on political matters, particularly regarding Uighurs, a Turkic minority living mainly in China’s Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region. Second, China would like to widen its influence in Turkey, which Beijing considers an important and regional player in the Middle East.

Turkey, for its part, considers Chinese attempts as a boon for its economic and political prospects at a time when Ankara is trying to diversify its alliances with non-Western countries. Turkey sees Chinese investments as an opportunity to support its economic development, strengthen its infrastructure and advance its technology. Chinese lenders are also gaining sway as an alternative resource for Turkey’s ailing economy.

However, being a recipient of huge sums from Chinese lenders also poses some risks. Turkey has to be careful not to fall in the so-called “debt trap diplomacy” into which some small Pacific debtor countries have already fallen by borrowing sky-high sums from China.

Metin Gurcan is a columnist for Al-Monitor’s Turkey Pulse. He served in Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Iraq as a Turkish military adviser from 2002 to 2008. After resigning from the military, he became an Istanbul-based independent security analyst. Gurcan obtained his PhD in 2016 with a dissertation on changes in the Turkish military over the preceding decade. (Al-Monitor 23.10)

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11.8 GREECE: Greece Upgraded to ‘BB-‘ on Receding Budgetary Risks & Lifting of Capital Controls

On 25 October, S&P Global Ratings raised its long-term sovereign credit ratings on Greece to ‘BB-‘ from ‘B+’. The outlook is positive. At the same time, we affirmed our ‘B’ short-term sovereign credit ratings.


The positive outlook signifies that we could raise our ratings on Greece within the next 12 months if the government continues implementing structural reforms that strengthen the country’s economic growth potential and public finance sustainability.

Upside Scenario

In particular, we would consider an upgrade in the context of continuous implementation of reforms addressing the remaining structural challenges in the economy. Another potential trigger for an upgrade would be a marked reduction of nonperforming exposures (NPEs) in Greece’s impaired banking system, which would, in our view, benefit the currently challenged monetary transmission mechanism.

Downside Scenario

We could revise the outlook to stable if economic growth is significantly weaker than we expect or reform implementation stalls, hampering the reduction of government debt and the financial sector’s restructuring.


The upgrade follows developments that we believe significantly reduce budgetary risks for the Greek government. In May this year, the Greek State Council ruled that the elimination of civil servants’ seasonal bonuses in 2013 was not unconstitutional. Then, in October 2019, the Council found that the 2016 reform reducing some public pensions was unconstitutional. Although this means all public pensions will be recalculated as of 31 December 2014, the Council’s ruling is not retroactive, implying that the reversal of payouts affects only the period following the ruling.

While, as a result of the latter decision, overall public pension spending will increase, we understand the government is preparing a new pension bill that will fully address the related budgetary implications. The proposed bill will also limit the pension increase resulting from the ruling to a short period of time.

Another key credit development was the removal in September 2019 of the remaining capital controls. They were first implemented during the 2015 financial and economic crisis to shore up banking sector stability after a rapid drop in bank deposits, and were being relaxed gradually after that. We have not observed any unusual deposit outflows since then, although banking sector deposits are still about 13% below the pre-crisis level at the end of 2014. We believe the removal of restrictions will improve confidence in the economy, while reducing related financial costs, which is particularly relevant for the private-sector business environment.

Our ratings on Greece reflect the improving economic outlook, accompanied by strong budgetary performance and a favorable government debt structure. These compare with the country’s high external and public debt, still-pressured banking system with large NPEs, and challenged monetary transmission mechanism. In terms of maturity and average interest costs, Greece has one of the most advantageous debt profiles of all the sovereigns we rate. The commercial portion of Greece’s central government debt represents less than 20% of total debt, or less than 40% of GDP. The final disbursement from the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) program has provided a sizable cash buffer that we estimate will meet the central government’s debt-service requirements into 2023. We project that Greece’s general government gross and net debt-to-GDP ratios will decline from 2019, aided by a recovery in nominal GDP growth and large current account surpluses.

Institutional and economic profile: Greece’s economic growth prospects are improving

  • • Following the July 2019 general elections, the new center-right government is focused on implementing its economic program, aimed at reducing the tax burden and supporting investment.
  • • We project average economic growth slightly exceeding 2.5% over 2019-2022, although a slowdown in the Eurozone, Greece’s main trading partner, will likely weigh on exports.
  • • Domestic demand will strengthen, thanks to increased consumption and investment-supportive economic and fiscal policy measures.

After real GDP growth of 1.9% in 2018, we expect Greece’s economy will expand by about 2% in 2019 before gradually accelerating in 2020-2022. Employment growth remains solid, and we forecast it at around 2% annually through 2022, although a recent increase in the minimum wage could lead to a slowdown in hiring. The economy would benefit from a higher share of permanent jobs, however, since in 2018 and so far in 2019, slightly more than one-half of new employees were on temporary contracts.

In July 2019, New Democracy won the general election and obtained an absolute majority in the parliament, making party leader Mr. Kyriakos Mitsotakis the prime minister. New Democracy campaigned on an economic policy agenda that includes plans to reduce households’ and companies’ tax burdens, accelerate privatization, improve the business environment, and facilitate the reduction of banks’ sizable NPEs. We believe that, if these plans are realized, Greece’s so far relatively modest economic recovery may pick up.

Over the next three years, we expect Greece’s economic growth will surpass the Eurozone average, including in real GDP per capita terms. We also expect economic performance to remain balanced, fueled mainly by domestic demand and exports. In this context, we expect a steady rise in private consumption amid higher employment and the almost 11% increase in the monthly minimum wage. Planned fiscal measures, such as the reduction of personal income tax for low-income earners, lowering of property tax, and revised schedule for paying tax arrears should support households’ disposable income.

Private investment is also set to improve alongside increasing net foreign direct investment (FDI). The government plans to accelerate its privatization program, while facilitating planned private-sector-led projects, such as redevelopment of the site of the former Athens International Airport. Assets to be privatized include a 30% stake of Athens International Airport, a stake in Hellenic Petroleum, DEPA (the public gas corporation), concessions on the Egnatia motorway, and regional ports. The government plans to increase public-sector investments to 4.3% of GDP in 2020 from about 3.8% in 2019.

We believe the improving financial environment, including the government’s borrowing terms, and removal of capital controls will foster investment. However, in our opinion, the key to a faster economic recovery is a drop in banks’ NPEs, which would spur private-sector credit. We believe the positive impact of previous reforms, such as in product and services markets, are unlikely to be displayed in recessionary or low-growth conditions. Without access to working capital, the small and midsize enterprise sector – the economy’s largest employer – remains in varying degrees of distress. Private-sector default is still widespread, including on tax debt.

Absent external shocks, such as from mounting global protectionism or an unexpected slump in the Eurozone, Greece’s export sector is well positioned to benefit from its increased competitiveness. Labor cost competitiveness has improved to the level before 2000, and external demand has risen. Consequently, the share of exported goods and services (excluding shipping services) has almost doubled, compared with 19% of GDP in 2009. Greece’s market shares in global trade have increased correspondingly and we expect further gains through 2020-2022.

Nevertheless, Greece still compares poorly with its peers, due to impediments to competition in its product and professional services markets, relatively weak property rights, complex bankruptcy procedures, inefficient judiciary and low predictability of contract enforcement. As a consequence, net FDI inflows, although improved, may be insufficient to fund a stronger economic recovery. Labor reform by the previous administration, which could have reintroduced national collective wage negotiations, was reversed this year. Therefore, we view the current government’s labor reforms as geared toward improving companies’ flexibility. This includes a proposed bill introducing opt-outs from sectoral collective agreements in case of financial distress.

The government also plans to reform the business environment, by reducing undue administrative burdens (especially to speed up investment) and anticompetitive behavior, particularly in the services sector. We believe successful business-friendly reforms would likely enhance macroeconomic outcomes or the sovereign’s debt-servicing ability in the medium to long term.

Following the end of the ESM program, Greece is subject to quarterly reviews under the European Commission’s “enhanced surveillance framework.” Ongoing debt relief and the return of so-called ANFA/SMP profits on Greek bonds held by the European Central Bank (ECB) and the Eurozone’s national central banks is subject to ongoing compliance with the program’s objectives. Use of the cash buffer other than for debt servicing has to be agreed with the European institutions. We therefore believe Greece will avoid pronounced slippage compared with agreed benchmarks. In this context, the Greek government is maintaining its commitment to not deviate from the current agreement until a lower primary surplus target (currently set at 3.5% of GDP until 2023) is confirmed with its Eurozone peers. As a result, we expect Greece’s economic and budgetary policies will be in line with commitments made when the ESM program was terminated.

We view constitutional amendments to separate the presidential elections from the government’s mandate as positive. The details of the presidential election according to the new arrangement are still to be specified. However, the risk of government instability due to parliament’s unsuccessful appointment of a president of Greece appears to have been eliminated. Under the previous arrangement, that could have led to a no-confidence vote and, potentially, new general elections. The current government will therefore have a more stable mandate, without the presidential elections and related political maneuvering undermining the predictability of economic and budgetary policies.

Flexibility and performance profile: Strong budgetary performance will continue, and banks are recovering

  • • The Greek State Council’s decisions on civil servants’ seasonal bonuses and the 2016 pension reform significantly reduce the potential burden on public finances and improve the predictability of future budgetary outcomes.
  • • We project general government debt will decline during 2019-2022, with a cash buffer limiting debt-repayment risks through 2023.
  • • In September 2019, the remaining capital controls in the Greek banking system were lifted, without any adverse impact on deposit trends.
  • • If implemented, proposals to accelerate the reduction of banks’ NPEs could stimulate credit activity and increased investment.

Greece has established a track record of exceeding budgetary targets via rigid expenditure controls and improved revenue performance following a large budgetary adjustment since the economic and financial crisis started in 2015. We estimate the budget surplus in 2019 at around 1.3% of GDP, up from about 1.0% in 2018. This implies a primary balance of about 4.3% of GDP, which significantly outperforms the target of 3.5% agreed with creditors.

The general government’s budgetary outcome so far this year suggests solid revenue performance, despite fiscal measures implemented in May 2019 by the previous government. The result includes better-than-budgeted revenue performance; it also benefited from receipts totaling €1.8 billion, related to the extension of concession rights of the Athens International Airport and to so-called ANFA/SMP bonds. Moreover, central government spending has been lower than planned, due to reduced interest payments, public investment, and transfers to other government tiers. Following the State Council’s recent decisions, pension spending in 2019 will likely be somewhat higher than budgeted, however.

The Council ruled in May this year that the former government’s 2013 decision to eliminate holiday bonuses for civil servants was not unconstitutional. More recently, in October, it found the 2016 pension reform that reduced some public pensions to be unconstitutional. Although all pensions have to be recalculated as of the 31 December 2014, level, the Council’s decision is not retroactive. Future spending on public pension spending will increase as a result, but we understand the government is preparing a new pension bill to address the budgetary implications and limit the pension increase to a very short period.

The 2019 budget includes a series of measures to reduce the tax burden on the economy. Besides a recent decision to reduce the property tax rate, the budget decreases the basic personal income tax rate to 9% from 22%, corporate income tax rate to 24% from 28%, and dividend tax rate to 5% from 10%. It also envisages the suspension of value-added tax on new buildings and tax property capital gains for three years, as well as a reduction in social security contributions by 5% by 2023, among other measures. This tax relief is expected to be offset by revenue and spending measures, including increased tax collection from combating tax evasion via the enhancement of electronic transactions, and revaluation of the property tax base.

As a result, we forecast a budget surplus of around 0.8% of GDP in 2020, with a primary surplus in line with the 3.5% of GDP target agreed with official creditors. This in turn will lead to a further decline in gross general government debt to about 166% of GDP next year from just below 174% this year. Net of cash buffers, we project net general government debt will decline to about 150% of GDP in 2020 and below 140% of GDP in 2022. The trajectory of this metric over the coming years will depend on the government’s strategy to support the reduction of banks’ NPEs and potential privatization receipts.

Despite the size of Greece’s debt, we estimate its debt-servicing costs will average about 1.6% at year-end 2019, significantly lower than the average refinancing costs for the majority of sovereigns rated in the ‘BB’ category. The ECB’s monetary policy decisions have also helped reduce Greece’s interest expenditure through lower borrowing costs. For example, Greece recently issued three-month treasury-bills with a negative yield. We anticipate that, even with increasing commercial debt issuance, Greece’s commercial debt will constitute less than 20% of its total general government debt through 2021.

We therefore expect a gradual reduction in interest payments relative to government revenues. Potential partial prepayment of the about €8.5 billion of outstanding obligations (as of 30 June 2019) to the International Monetary Fund would reduce the interest burden further without easing the post-program surveillance. We estimate the average remaining term of Greece’s debt at 21 years at year-end 2019, although this is set to increase with the implementation of debt-relief measures granted in June 2018.

Greek banks have made progress in reducing their NPEs, which as of 30 June 2019 totaled just above €75 billion (excluding off-balance-sheet items), down about 30% from €107.2 billion in March 2016. Ongoing initiatives to tackle the high NPEs include write-offs, out-of-court restructuring, the development of a secondary market, and electronic auctions. The household insolvency law agreed with EU institutions earlier this year is likely to reduce the number of strategic defaults and accelerate settlements with borrowers, which will under certain conditions benefit from a state subsidy toward mortgage loan installments.

Based on how the high-NPE situation developed in Spain, Ireland, Slovenia and Cyprus, we believe a faster decline in NPEs may not be possible without a more resolute approach and, potentially, additional government support. The Greek authorities are setting up an asset-protection scheme–already approved by the EU’s competition authority – that entails granting sovereign guarantees for senior tranches of proposed NPE securitizations to reduce NPEs in the banking system. The implementation of a scheme, proposed by the Bank of Greece, to transfer some NPEs to an asset management company has been put on hold.

In our view, the implementation of the above proposals would materially improve the likelihood of banks achieving their own target of reducing NPEs to 20% or lower. We believe such measures would help repair the monetary transmission mechanism and hasten the economic recovery. Already, new credit to nonfinancial corporations is increasing, up 2.9% year on year in August 2019, while household credit is still declining. However, overall credit to nonfinancial corporations and households is still declining (by about 10% year on year in August 2019).

Liquidity in the banking system has improved, however. As of the first quarter of 2019, banks no longer rely on costly emergency liquidity assistance. Central bank financing to Greek commercial banks totaled €8.2 billion in August 2019, compared with the peak of €126.7 billion in 2015. A rise in deposits has helped, as have repurchase transactions with international banks and sales of NPEs. Bank deposits have been increasing, with household and corporate deposits up about 6.2% year on year in August 2019. But the current aggregate is still about 13% below the level recorded before the economic and financial turmoil that led to capital controls in July 2015. The successful removal of capital controls, without any adverse impact on deposit flows, signals improved confidence of economic agents and bodes well for Greece’s investment environment.

Over the past year, Greece’s systemically important banks have issued covered bonds, for the first time since 2014. Now that the ESM program has ended, banks in Greece have lost the waiver allowing them to access regular ECB financing using Greek government bonds as collateral. However, the banks’ funding was not disrupted.

We project Greece’s current account deficit will widen slightly in 2019 to 2.4% of GDP, with increased pressure from imports to meet higher consumption, solid investment recovery, and a slowdown in global economic trade. In 2018, the solid export performance, including substantial growth in the services surplus, was more than offset by a higher oil deficit and imports growth. (S&P 25.10)

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